UN - The United Nations
The UN is an association between almost all countries in the world. The UN
currently has 193 members, including Germany. The UN is based in New York
(USA). The representatives of the member countries (states) meet there regularly
to talk about current problems in the world and to find solutions together.
The abbreviation UN is English and means " U nited N ations"
which means "United Nations" in German. Sometimes the abbreviation UNO is used
for "United Nations Organization" in German. However, strictly speaking, this
abbreviation is actually not correct German name VN for "United Nations" is
Foundation of the UN
The UN was founded by 51 states in 1945 after the Second World War. Due to
the terrible events in this war, the founding states decided to maintain a
friendly relationship in the future and to work for world peace. At that time,
the UN members drafted a contract, the so-called UN Charter. So if a country
wants to join the UN, it must first sign the UN Charter and thereby recognize
What are the goals of the UN?
The two main goals of the UN are world peace and international
security. However, if there is no peace in a country, but war, the UN can send
its peacekeepers into the country. The soldiers of the peacekeeping forces,
known as blue helmet soldiers, are supposed to ensure on the spot that peace
returns between the opponents of the war.
The UN also helps countries where there is a great emergency, such as after
natural disasters (such as earthquakes or tsunamis) or during wars. The UN tries
to ensure that the people affected receive water, food and medical care. The UN
is also committed to protecting and upholding human rights. So she makes sure
that all people and children have the same rights. Other important goals include
combating climate change and compliance with international law.
How is the UN structured?
The UN is headed by a chief, the so-called general secretary. António
Guterres has been from Portugal since 2017.
In addition to the Secretary General, the UN consists of various
sub-organizations, each with specific tasks. These include, for example:
- The General Assembly decides, for example, whether new
members will be admitted to the UN or whether the UN Charter will be
changed. It is something like the Parliament of the World, except that its
representatives are not elected by the citizens, but are sent by the
- The International Court of Justice- it rules on
disputes between countries. It consists of 15 judges and is based in The
- The Security Council. It is probably the most important
sub-organization of the UN. You can find information in an extra chapter
In addition to the large sub-organizations, the UN also includes aid
organizations such as the refugee relief organization and the children's relief
organization UNICEF. For example, they should work for children and help quickly
in the event of disasters.
UN Security Council
The Security Council is a very important sub-organization of the UN. He bears
a lot of responsibility, because he should ensure that there is peace all over
the world. The Security Council decides on the use of peacekeepers (blue helmet
soldiers) or punitive measures against certain countries that endanger peace.
The Security Council has a total of 15 member countries. The countries USA,
China, Russia, France and Great Britain are always represented, they are
so-called "permanent members". The other countries are only sometimes members
(including Germany) and have to be elected again and again. The "permanent
members" have a significant advantage over the others. You have a veto right in
the Security Council. This means that if a "permanent member" is not satisfied
with a decision, he can veto (objection/ban). This can block the majority
decision and it has to be renegotiated.
Flag of the UN
The official flag of the UN is its flag. This shows the globe in white on a
light blue background. The globe is framed by two olive branches. They are a
classic symbol of peace and are intended to express the main goal of the UN:
peace in the world.
The European continent is the second smallest, but one of the most important
politically and economically.
Europe is a continent bordering Asia in the east; it is bathed by the Arctic
Glacial Ocean, to the north; across the Atlantic to the West; and across the
Mediterranean and Black Seas to the south, bordering the Middle East across the
Bosphorus Strait (check the map). It is located entirely in the Northern
Hemisphere of the planet and, at the same time, in the Western and Eastern
Hemispheres. Because it is geographically "glued" to Asia, many refer to this
continental bloc as Eurasia.
For many years (since the 16th century), Europe was considered the main
economic and scientific center in the world, losing this position during the
20th century. In fact, this leadership did not belong to the European continent
as a whole, but to some economic powers in the region, with an emphasis on
England and France.
Despite the relative decline of these countries in the face of economies such
as the United States and China, Europe has the largest and most powerful
economic bloc in the world, the European Union. Check
Countryaah for all members in EU. This bloc
differs from the others in that it is the only one to guarantee the free
movement of goods, goods and people, in addition to having its own currency: the
euro, adopted by almost all member countries.
If we look closely at the map above, we can see that Europe looks more like a
"patchwork quilt" because it has a large number of countries in a small space.
In total, there are 50 countries squeezed in about 10,500.00 km˛, something
slightly larger than the Brazilian territory.
This is due to the constant wars and political disputes that have occurred in
this region throughout history, in which the countless existing ethnic groups
sought for their independence and built their respective National States.
Despite this, there are still many peoples whose nation has no homeland, such as
the Catalan people, whose territory belongs to Spain.
Europe's terrain is predominantly plain and slightly rugged. But in some
places there are some mountain ranges, like the Alps. The
climate is predominantly temperate continental and oceanic.
Europe is considered important because it was responsible for colonizing most
of the rest of the world. It was on that continent that most of our customs
emerged, since, by colonizing and invading other territories, Europeans imposed
their type of civilization. Despite being considered the most scientifically
advanced (modern science also emerged in Europe), it was on this continent that
the greatest wars in human history took place.