England in the British Isles is a popular travel destination, and not without reason. England is home to numerous large cities, such as London, Manchester or Liverpool, which attract with numerous sights and excursion destinations.
Central London in particular is particularly popular with tourists and visitors. Tower Bridge, Houses of Parliament and Big Ben are the most famous sights and offer visitors a real feast for the eyes. The Buckingham Palace is a must for any visitor to England. There is also a lot to experience for tourists at St. Paul’s Cathedral, in Greenwich or in Hyde Park.
Tourists can relax and unwind with a picnic in the parks or a boat trip on the Thames.
The huge tourist buses with the open covers provide an interesting insight into the capital of Great Britain and take you past numerous excursion destinations.
Of course, London impresses not only with its scene life and its diversity or the many sights, but also with its cleanliness. The streets in London, especially in the suburban areas, are all very clean.
In addition to the capital London, which has a unique flair and a very special charm, there are also cities worth seeing, such as Birmingham, Sheffield, Manchester, Leeds and Liverpool. Each of these cities has its very own face. But they all have something in common: the small houses with the narrow front gardens can be seen everywhere. This well-tended suburban idyll is a memorable image that every visitor from England brings home with them – especially in spring and summer when the hedges and flowers are in bloom in the gardens.
Even if the country is often said to be raining here all the time: England has wonderful summers. London, for example, has even more sunny days per year than Hamburg.
The English are obsessed with the weather and with climate change. It is likely to get even more unpredictable. But despite the unpredictability, there is some certainty for every season in England. Winters are usually cold and wet, with the hottest and driest weather mostly being in July and August. The off-season is often the best weather: between March and May, sunny sections alternate with short showers, while Indian summer is rather mild between September and October. Snow usually falls in England at the beginning and end of winter, especially November and February. The rail network in England is particularly vulnerable to weather-related delays – trains are canceled at the slightest sign of snow.
With 130,395 square kilometers, England is the largest part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom in terms of area Northern Ireland . The part of the country, also known as the British heartland, takes up about two thirds of Great Britain and is predominantly characterized by hilly landscapes, individual mountain ranges and leisurely flowing rivers.
The south of England consists largely of hill country, individual Woods and lush green pastures. The south west is in Cornwall and Devon characterized by the heath land and moor areas of the low mountain range Dartmoor, Exmoor and Bodmin Moor, which give the hills of this region an often gloomy appearance, especially in the foggy season. On the Cornwall peninsula, the influence of the Gulf Stream is noticeable through lush vegetation, which enables this region not only for tourism but also for flourishing vegetable and flower cultivation. To the east of it rise the ridge of the Cotswolds, while the mountains of the South Downs and North Downs run parallel to the English south coast. The Chiltern Hills finally rise north of London as the last significant mountain range in southern England.
Where dense and extensive forests once covered the landscape of Central England, only individual forest areas and agricultural areas have existed for a long time. The intensive clearing of the forest was due to the flourishing ship and house construction as well as the flourishing industry. The English east is mostly covered by wide marshland. The mountains of the Pennines, rising to up to 800 meters, stretch like a backbone from Central England to Scotland and significantly determine the Central English and Northern English landscapes. The Cumbrian Mountains close in the northwest which stretch to the border of Scotland and are criss-crossed by countless lakes, large and small. The so-called Lake District is one of the most beautiful natural landscapes in England and has been declared a national park. The largest lake in the Lake District and also the largest in England is Lake Windermere, 17 kilometers long; also in the Cumbrian Mountains rises the highest mountain in England with 978 meters, the Scafell Pike.
The Thames is 336 kilometers, the longest and most important river of England and Great Britain at the same time. It is followed by the Severn, Trent, Great Ouse and Humber Rivers.
Birmingham is an English Town in the county of Geater Midlands in the West Midlands region. About half a million people live in Birmingham. The English city has an area of 267.77 square kilometers. Birmingham is considered
the largest of the so-called core cities. Furthermore, the city is ranked as the second most important city in England seen to London. Still, there is always some rivalry between Manchester and Birmingham.
The area of what is now Birmingham was already settled by the Romans. Nevertheless, the city remained a small Anglo-Saxon farming village until the Middle Ages. It was not until the twelfth century that the city received the rights to hold a market. After that, the city turned into a lively market town. With the industrial revolution, more and more metal processing companies were established. In the Victorian era, the population grew explosively in Birmingham. During World War II, most of the city was destroyed by bombing raids. Many buildings and streets had to be rebuilt in the 1950s and 1960s.
Despite the destruction of the Second World War, there are a few sights. There are some beautiful buildings from different eras in Birmingham.
There is the Church of St. Martin, which was built in the twelfth century. The St. Philips Chatedral, St. Pauls Square and the town hall date from the Gregorian period. There is even a mosque in Birmingham, the Central Mosque, one of the largest centers for Muslims in Europe.
There are also many museums in Birmingham, such as the Birmingham Museum and the Art Gallery. Most of the city’s museums are dedicated to the industrialization of the city’s past. The Art Gallery in Chamberlain Square hosts regular art exhibitions, but there are also archaeological finds on display.
Lord of the Rings fans won’t want to miss the Sarehole Mill, an old watermill. The mill was the house where Tolkien is said to have lived as a child. Today it houses a museum.
Other impressive attractions in Birmingham include the National Sealife Center and the Birmingham Thinktank (a technology museum in which the oldest steam engine in the world is exhibited) or the Jewelly Qarter.
But music is also very important in Birmingham. Some famous rock and pop music groups have their roots in the English city. The classical music has a great importance in Birmingham. The city has two well-known classical institutions, the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and the Birmingham Royal Ballet. Art and culture are very important to the locals. The world’s third largest St Patrick’s Day Parade takes place in the city.