Tanzania. In January, the government stopped the respected weekly newspaper The East African, which is published in Nairobi, after critical editorial articles and an abusive satirical drawing by President Jakaya Kikwete. After strong media protests during the year, the government withdrew a proposal for up to 15 years in prison for civil servants who disclose information that is not in the “public interest”.
According to COUNTRYAAH, DDodoma is the capital of Tanzania which is located in Eastern Africa. The Minister of Energy became the third minister dismissed following a corruption scandal in the state energy company, where the equivalent of approximately SEK 1.5 billion was swindled from the country’s central bank. In April, the EU resumed budget support halted due to the scandal. During the year, two former finance ministers were sentenced to three years in prison for helping a foreign company avoid tax.
Before the parliamentary and presidential elections, the political opposition was united in a new alliance, the Coalition for the Defense of the Constitution (Ukawa). The opposition to the proposal for a new constitution became so strong that the government was forced to postpone a referendum to be held in April.
The popular former prime minister and CCM politician Edward Lowassa was nominated as opposition candidate. However, it was CCM’s candidate, Labor Minister John Magufuli, who won the election with 58.5% of the vote against just under 40% for Lowassa. Corruption was a major issue in the electoral movement, and Magufuli was seen as an uncorrupted politician.
In the parliamentary elections, the opposition went ahead and the ruling party returned, but the CCM (Revolutionary Party) still retained its majority by a good margin. CCM received 55% of the vote, and opposition parties Chadema and CUF (United Citizens’ Front) just over 37 and just over 8%. CCM was accused of electoral fraud, and foreign election observers criticized state media for being biased against CCM. In Zanzibar, the regional elections were annulled because of electoral fraud.
New President Magufuli appointed a relatively unknown minister, Kassim Majaliwa, as new prime minister. Together they took action against the corruption. Restrictions were imposed on government officials’ trips abroad and tax exemptions were withdrawn. The head of the tax office and five officials were shut down by the accused for corruption. Among other things, 350 ship containers had disappeared. A former head of the tax office was investigated for bribes in a foreign loan to Tanzania of $ 600 million.
During the year, the government attacked persecution, mutilation and murder of people with albinism, whose body parts are considered to have magical properties. Prohibitions were issued against so-called witch doctors who were considered guilty. Hundreds of witch doctors were arrested by police, and several people were sentenced to death for murder.