Sierra Leone. The year was largely marked by the epidemic of Ebola fever that erupted in 2014 and affected primarily Sierra Leone and neighboring countries Guinea and Liberia. At the end of January, statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO) showed that just over 10,500 people had been infected in Sierra Leone, of which about 3,200 had died. The epidemic continued to rage in the spring and early summer. From the end of July, it slowed somewhat and for two months only a few cases were reported, the last in mid-September. On November 7, Sierra Leone was declared free of Ebola fever. According to COUNTRYAAH, Freetown is the capital of Sierra Leone which is located in Western Africa. A total of 14,122 people were affected by the dreaded disease, more than in any other country. However, the death toll in Sierra Leone, 3,955, was lower than that in Liberia, where over 4,800 people died.
In March, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) pledged US $ 187 million in support of Sierra Leone. Of these, 80 million were earmarked for the fight against Ebola fever and for alleviating the social crisis that the disease caused. Later in the month, the IMF also granted the country debt relief of just over US $ 29 million.
In early March, Vice President Samuel Sam-Sumana was expelled from the General People’s Congress (APC). A number of accusations were made against him, including that he should have tried to form a new party in his diamond-rich home district of Kono in eastern Sierra Leone. He should also have called for political violence and lied about his academic merits. In addition, he was accused of not being “a real Muslim”. The vice president managed to leave his home before being arrested by the soldiers who surrounded the home and he sought political asylum at the US embassy. A few days later, he was dismissed by President Ernest Bai Koroma on the grounds that he had “abandoned his duties”. The opposition party of the Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP) with several questioned whether the vice president could be dismissed in this way without violating the constitution. Koroma referred to paragraphs requiring the Vice President to belong to a political party. In September, the Supreme Court ruled that the president had the right to dismiss the vice president.
The census that was supposed to have been carried out in December 2014 but which was canceled due to the epidemic was postponed again in 2015. The reason was that the composition of the body responsible for the bill was criticized for considering predominantly APC supporters, the party that President Koroma represents. The plan was for the census to take place in December.