Seychelles [zε ʃ -], Seychelles, English and French Seychelles [English se ɪ ʃ el, French sε ʃ εl], officially creole Repiblik Sesel, German Republic of Seychelles, island nation in East Africa, the Indian Ocean, with (2019) 97 600 residents; The capital is Victoria.
The island state includes the Seychelles archipelago as well as the Amiranten, the Aldabra and Farquhar Islands, Assumption, Astove, Cosmoledo, Providence, Curieuse, Cerf, Coëtivi and Plate.
- Official name: Republic of Seychelles
- License plate: SY
- ISO-3166: SC, SYC (690)
- Internet domain:.sc
- Currency: 1 Seychelles rupee (SR) = 100 cents
- Area: 460 km²
- Population (2019): 97 600
- Capital: Victoria
- Official language (s): English, Creole, French
- Form of government: Presidential Republic
- Administrative division: 25 districts
- Head of State: President Wavel Ramkalawan (since October 26, 2020)
- Religion (s) (2010): Christians (76% Catholics; 11% Protestants, 2% other Christians), Hindus, Muslims, others / not specified
- Time zone: Central European Time +2 to +3 hours
- National holiday: June 5th
Location and infrastructure
- Location (geographical): East Africa
- Position (coordinates): between 3 ° 40 ‘and 10 ° 10’ south latitude and 46 ° 20 ‘and 59 ° 10’ east longitude
- Climate: Tropical-maritime climate
- Highest mountain: Morne Seychellois (905 m)
- Road network (2015): 514 km (paved), 12 km (unpaved)
- Annual population growth (2020): 0.7%
- Birth rate (2020): 12.8 per 1000 inh.
- Death rate (2020): 7.1 per 1000 residents.
- Average age (2020): 36.8 years
- Average life expectancy (2020): 75.6 years (men 71.1; women 80.2)
- Age structure (2020): 18.9% younger than 15 years, 8.3% older than 65 years
- Literacy rate (15-year-olds and older) (2018): 95.9%
- Mobile phone contracts (pre-paid and post-paid) (2018): 184 per 100 residents
- Internet users (2017): 59 per 100 residents
- GDP per capita (2019): US $ 17 052
- Total GDP (2019): US $ 1.644 billion
- GNI per capita (2018): US $ 15,670
- Education expenditure (2016): 4.4% of GDP
- Military expenditure (2019): 1.3% of GDP
- Unemployment rate (15 years and older): n / a
The national territory consists of more than 100 islands, mostly low coral atolls, which extend about 1,000 km east of the coast of Kenya over a sea area of around 400,000 km². The Seychelles Islands in the narrower sense, the Seychelles archipelago, comprise 32 islands. The 17 higher islands, made of granite (partly with cart formation) and syenite, have rugged cliffs and a moving relief. They are the remnants of a continental floe that was isolated when the Gondwana supercontinent broke up and drifted apart and they reach an altitude of 905 m above sea level on Mahé (148 km 2) in Morne Seychellois. The remaining islands are low coral reefs or atolls; their origin depends on the submarine Volcanism together.
The climate is tropical-oceanic with consistently high temperatures and high humidity (mean temperatures between 25 and 29 ° C; minimum 16 ° C, slight seasonal fluctuations). A rain-free, relatively cool season from May to September (southeast trade wind) is followed by a rainy and hot season from December to March (northwest monsoon). The annual rainfall varies depending on the altitude, e.g. B. from 1,800 to 2,200 mm on the coast, up to over 6,000 mm in the higher elevations of the island of Mahé.
Vegetation and wildlife
The originally lush vegetation, characterized by six palm species of its own, among others. Endemic, is largely displaced by plantations. There is a protected area for the Seychelles nut palm on Praslin. Large land and sea turtles are characteristic of the fauna. The strictly protected Aldabra Atoll, consisting of four islands, with endemic animal (giant tortoises, white-throated rail) and plant species and the Mai Valley nature reserve on Praslin have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Over half of the country’s area is a nature reserve. Visit behealthybytomorrow.com for Seychelles 115 islands with tropical beaches.
World Heritage Sites
- Aldabra Atoll (1982)
- Mai Valley Nature Park (1983)