Mozambique. During the year, political battles continued between the Frelimo government party and the largest opposition party Renamo, which demanded, for example, the sharing of power and increased influence over state companies. Renamo boycotted Parliament’s opening in January when the new President Filipe Nyusi (Frelimo) was installed. The armed parts of Renamo continued to attack government forces, in violation of the peace treaty signed by the parties last year.
In January, the country was hit by extensive floods that required at least 160 lives and made almost 160,000 people homeless. Most of the dead were reported from Zambezi Province in central Mozambique. Electricity was knocked out in several places and it became difficult to travel between the country ends when two bridges along the north-south highway EN1 collapsed due to the large water masses.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Maputo is the capital of Mozambique which is located in Eastern Africa. Mozambique and 25 other African countries agreed on a new free trade agreement, Tripartite Free Trade Area, during the year. Parliament also adopted an economic plan for how growth would be ensured through, inter alia, investments in infrastructure and the manufacturing industry, financed by coal and gas extraction.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Mozambique country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
During the year, several deaths occurred in the capital Maputo, among other things in March when a well-known judge was shot dead on the open street. Renamo accused the government of being behind the murder because the judge had backed a proposal by Renamo to give the provinces greater autonomy. The bill was later voted down by Parliament. In mid-September, opposition leader Afonso Dhlakama was also shot while traveling in a car in the province of Manica on the border with Zimbabwe in the west. Dhlakama, who lost five presidential elections since 1994, in turn accused Frelimo of planning the act and said it had political motives.
During the summer, Renamo increased its attacks against the government forces. Renamo also threatened to block the main road connecting northern and southern parts of the country unless Frelimo agreed to their demands for power sharing. As a strategy to weaken the opposition party, the government tried to recruit soldiers from Renamo through offers of high positions in the national army. In August, the president invited talks with the opposition and at the end of the year, the militants of Renamo were invited to surrender their weapons. Renamo, for its part, announced that they wanted to create a new mediation process involving South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma.
At the end of June, new legislation decriminalizing homosexuality and abortion came into force. Among other things, the change in law meant that it is now legally legal for same-sex relationships, but LGBT activists in the country felt that more than one change in law was required to change the view of homosexuality. In August, Mozambique assumed the presidency of South Africa for the areas of politics, defense and security within the economic cooperation organization SADC, which consists of 15 member countries in southern Africa.
In September, the Halo Trust announced that Mozambique, two decades after the civil war, was now free of mines. The mine clearance was said to have had a positive impact on access to infrastructure and raw materials and increased tourism to the country.