Montenegro. According to COUNTRYAAH, Podgorica is the capital of Montenegro which is located in Southern Europe. The government was pressured to resign and accused the opposition of being corrupt and illegitimate. The protests were aimed not least at Prime Minister Milo Đukanovič, who in effect ruled Montenegro for a quarter of a century. The opposition alliance Democratic Front announced in August that a series of protests were planned during the fall.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Montenegro country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
Daily demonstrations were held from the end of September outside the parliament building in the capital Podgorica and a tent camp arose. Demands were made that a technocrat government be appointed until “the country’s first free” elections could be held. Protest actions were also carried out in several other parts of the country. Student groups and human rights organizations joined the demands of the government’s departure.
From mid-October, violence broke out several times. The police used tear gas and shock grenades to try to disperse the crowd, and protesters threw fire bombs as well as tried to penetrate the parliament building.
The government rejected all thoughts of resigning. Đukanovič accused Western hostile “nationalist circles” of Russia and Serbia of interfering in the country’s internal affairs and of being behind the protests.
Montenegro received a formal invitation to join NATO in December, after which several years of negotiations were awaited. Defense Alliance chief Jens Stoltenberg called it a “historic decision” while Russia threatened revenge campaigns.
MONTENEGRO. – In the period preceding the Second World War, the Montenegrin federalist opposition to the Belgrade government (Sckula Drljević, Pietro Plamenać former minister of King Nicholas, Novica Radović) remained very much alive. With the collapse (April 1941) of Yugoslavia, following negotiations between G. Ciano and J. Ribbentrop, the project of restoring an independent Montenegro was reached, without any psychological and diplomatic preparation. The arrival (in Cettigne on 6 April) of the Italian troops was warmly welcomed. The Italian administration was immediately established and on 3 October Montenegro was constituted in a governorship dependent on the foreign minister for political, civil and administrative affairs and the supreme command for military ones. But the ignorance of the real situation made the Italians commit a series of mistakes; the rumor also spread that Montenegro would be proclaimed independent, under the Italian protectorate, not excluding the return of the Petrovič dynasty in the person of Prince Michael, nephew of the former King Nicholas. The visit, not disturbed, by King Vittorio Emanuele III, Michele’s uncle, in May, represented a confirmation of this rumor.
In the meantime, the delimitation of the borders which involved a significant mutilation of the former Banat of the Zeta was made public. The Montenegrin border towards Croatia was fixed with the agreement of 27 October 1941 which provided for the passage to Croatia of the countries of Drina and Ragusa; Cattaro passed to Italy; the Albanian border was not defined, but it was foreseen that Montenegro would sell Metohija, the upper Lim valley and the Ulcinj area; on the other hand, Montenegro, expanding at the expense of Serbia, was buying in the NE. the valley of the middle Lim and that of the UVac, as well as, in S., the Adriatic coast between Budva and Bar. The surface was estimated at that time to be around 15,220 sq km. and the population of about 435,000 residents (29 residents per sq km). The largest city was Podgorica with 14,000 residents,
Meanwhile, the office of governor was entrusted to Mihajlo Ivanovi? Ć, Montenegrin, former minister of King Nicholas, with the Montenegrin Gjukanović minister of war, and with the Italian regent, the diplomat Serafino Mazzolini. Independence was proclaimed on 12 July 1941. But the next day, fomented by Tito, the revolt broke out. Several federalists, officials of the new government, defected, passing into the so-called liberation army. The Communist partisans scored some success, occupying all the cities, except Cettigne and Podgorizza. In Cettigne the government was besieged for 11 days.