Monaco. According to COUNTRYAAH, Monaco is the capital of Monaco which is located in Western Europe. The UN Human Rights Committee criticized Monaco for too harsh penalties for those convicted of “lèse majesté”, ie for “damaging the monarch” or insulting members of the prince’s family.
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The Committee found that fines were the usual penalty, but there was room for up to five years in prison. An example was mentioned of a 28-year-old Tunisian who in 2014 was sentenced to three months imprisonment for having expressed condemnation of the princely family.
The small city of Monaco on the Ligurian-Provençal coast constitutes, with the minor surrounding towns, the principality of Monaco which, occupying an area of 1.6 sq km, is among the smallest sovereign states in Europe, having no itself that the lesser state of the Vatican City. The inhabited center dominates from the high and steep promontory a small but safe coastal bend located at N., an excellent landing place, thanks to the shelter of the surrounding mountains, for the small ships of antiquity. Even today the city, built in this way on the promontory up to 63 meters above sea level, retains its strong aspect of an old citadel; but, modernly extended the constructions to the whole surrounding area, almost a single inhabited area extends over the whole area of the small state, with the locality of La Condamine developed below on the tongue of land that connects the Monegasque promontory to the mountain behind the Testa di Cane, and with the other locality of Montecarlo developed further to the NE. on the rounded promontory which, facing that of Monaco, closes the ancient port of Hercules to the north. The port, whose waters cover an area of 25 ares, has however lost all importance for large modern ships and serves no more than as a landing place for fishing boats and sport dinghies.
The principality, which until 1848 also included the two localities of Menton and Roccabruna, reaching an area of about 24 sq km, has lived from 1860 onwards, greatly diminished in area, with its ephemeral sovereignty under the protection of the republic French, within whose territory (and precisely within the department of the Maritime Alps) it is totally included. The length, following the coast, is km. 3 and a half, the width reaches 1 km. The surface which, with the exception of the cliff of Monaco, is all slight hilly undulations, is now almost entirely built, excluding the spaces dedicated to parks and gardens: therefore we understand how the population, which here is attracted by the mild climate (average of January, 10 °) and from the attractions of the place, it reaches 22,994 residents (January 1, 1933), which means no less than 15,000 or more residents per sq. Km.: hence the small principality is actually the most densely populated of all the states of Europe. The Italian element is numerous: in 1927 9688 Italians lived in the principality, who dedicated themselves to various activities (bricklayers, unskilled workers, coffee and hotel waiters, small traders, etc.). Italian emigration is not permanent, but essentially fluctuating, depending on the season: in fact in the winter months the prevalence is of waiters and hotel employees, while in the summer months almost the entire mass is made up of workers, mostly bricklayers and unskilled workers. It should also be remembered that a large part of these Italian workers, despite having their interests in the principality, live in the nearby French communes of Beausoleil, Cap d’Ail, La Turbie. Many of every nationality’s
The local language is still Ligurian in the background, although the Ligurian is contaminated and almost overwhelmed by the Provençal influence. The official language is French, spoken by the entire population. Education is almost entirely in the hands of the clergy.
The agricultural territory is naturally very little extended; however, it gives a decent harvest of oils and citrus fruits. There are industries only of porcelain and majolica and of perfumeries; but the foreign industry triumphs in its major forms.
The population of the state lives agglomerated in the three centers of Monaco, La Condamine and Montecarlo. Monaco, the capital, with 2056 residents, Has remarkable buildings including the prince’s palace, an ancient building enlarged with subsequent constructions and restorations, which dominates the Place du Palais, with an original and picturesque appearance with its parapets and bronze cannons, donated by King Louis XIV to the princes of Monaco; the cathedral, a magnificent modern building (1893-1898), in the Roman-Byzantine style, with the oceanographic museum founded in 1910 (see below). La Condamine (11,485 residents in 1933), below, is full of grandiose modern buildings and large hydrotherapy establishments. The built-up area then continues towards the east, as mentioned, in the famous center of Montecarlo (9453 residents), which extends from the valley of Sainte-Dévote to Saint-Roman, between the sea and the French commune of Beausoleil, in a very pleasant site, on the rocky terrace of the Spélugues, at the foot of the Agel and dominating the Port of Hercules, has become a of the most important tourist resorts in Europe, with magnificent hotels, villas and the famous casino, managed by a Société des bains de mer, which annually attracts a large number of foreigners. All around are beautiful parks and lush gardens. administered by a Société des bains de mer, which annually attracts a very large number of foreigners. All around are beautiful parks and lush gardens. administered by a Société des bains de mer, which annually attracts a very large number of foreigners. All around are beautiful parks and lush gardens.