In 2015, the politics of Mexico were largely dominated by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which had been in power since 2012. The PRI was led by President Enrique Peña Nieto and focused on a range of social and economic reforms, such as reducing poverty and improving access to health care. The party also sought to promote Mexico’s reputation as a tourist destination, and to improve its relationship with other countries in the region. Other political parties included the National Action Party (PAN), which was led by Ricardo Anaya, and the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD). See ehealthfacts for Mexico in the year of 2005.
The 2015 election was held in June of that year and saw Peña Nieto’s PRI win a majority in both chambers of Congress with 216 out of 500 seats. This ensured that they would remain in power for another six years. During this time, President Peña Nieto sought to implement further reforms to improve Mexico’s economic standing while ensuring social justice for all citizens. He also worked towards improving relations with other countries in the region and strengthening ties with international organizations such as the United Nations. In 2018, he was succeeded by Andrés Manuel López Obrador following a successful presidential election campaign.
Mexico. The June 7 congressional elections showed that the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which ruled Mexico for most of the 20th century, still has a strong grip on voter opinion. According to COUNTRYAAH, Mexico City is the capital of Mexico which is located in North America. The party, together with its coalition parties, managed to retain the majority in the congress’s second chamber. For the main left opposition party, the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD), the election was a disaster; the party lost half of its second chamber mandate.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Mexico country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
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In the elections for state governors held at the same time, PRI won in five of nine states but lost the prestigious governorship of the state of Nuevo León to an outsider, Jaime “El Bronco” Rodríguez, who did not belong to any of the incumbent parties and presented himself as a system critic. The PRD lost in the important Guerrero, mainly due to dissatisfaction with the party’s management of the case of the 43 students who were murdered in the city of Iguala in September 2014. On the other hand, the party won in Michoacán, where the PRI has traditionally had a strong hold. The important federal district, where the capital of Mexico City is located and where the PRD ruled for many years, joined a newly formed left-wing party with defectors from the PRD, the Movement for National Renewal (Morena), led by former President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
The election was bordered by violence and incidents. Among other things, one of Morena’s candidates was murdered for a mayoral post in Michoacán. The drug-related violence also increased during the election campaign, and in the state of Jalisco, for the first time, a military helicopter was shot down by gang members during a hunt for the Jalisco cartel leader.
As a direct consequence of the poor election results in June, the PRD elected Agustín Basave as new party leader in early November. The hope was that Basave will succeed in one party that has suffered from both mediocre election success and tiring internal struggles in recent years.
The government under President Enrique Peña Nieto has been severely criticized both nationally and internationally for the general security situation in the country and human rights violations. Particularly embarrassing was that one of the leading drug cartel leaders Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán Loera, who has been incarcerated since February 2014, in July managed to escape for the second time from the Altiplano special prison outside Mexico City. The circumstances of the escape were mysterious and prompted suspicions that prison guards cooperated with him. Among other things, a 1,500 meter long tunnel was discovered with light and ventilation from the cell’s bathroom to the outside of the prison. In response to criticism of the growing crime, the Prosecutor General’s Office Murillo Karam was replaced at the end of February.