Mauritius. After Alliance Lepep, chaired by former Prime Minister and President Anerood Jugnauth, won the December 2014 general election, Jugnauth agreed with President Kailash Purryag that the latter would resign in 2015. According to COUNTRYAAH, Port Louis is the capital of Mauritius which is located in Eastern Africa. The president is elected by the National Assembly and through the election, Purryag no longer had the support of a majority of the Members of Parliament. In order for the new president to transition smoothly, Purryag remained in his post until May 29. On June 5, Ameenah Gurib-Fakim took office as new president after being voted by a united parliament. She thus became the country’s first elected female president. Vice President Monique Ohsan Bellepeau has resigned as interim president on two occasions. In June, the country also got its first female president in parliament, Maya Hanoomanjee.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Mauritius country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
In June, Mauritius and 26 other African countries agreed on a new free trade agreement, the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA). The agreement covers countries from Egypt in the north to South Africa in the south and was signed at a meeting in Egypt. For this to take effect, the agreement must, among other things, be ratified by the national parliaments.
Sandy beaches, clear waters and cruise ships
Mauritius has invested heavily in tourism. The country has developed and is politically calm. The services are functional and of a high standard. Mass tourism is not very popular, but the aim is to give each newcomer a unique and unique tourist experience. The setting is right for both rest and exercise: the island has a pleasant climate, beautiful beaches and crystal clear waters, as well as an interesting, colorful culture. This has also been noticed by tourists on large cruise ships calling at the island.
The capital of Mauritius is Port Louis on the northwest coast. Its architecture clearly reflects the influences of all the nationalities that have landed on the island. The Pamplemousses Botanical Gardens are an interesting place to visit.
Formerly a British colony, it has been an independent state within the Commonwealth since 12 March 1968.
On 1865 km 2, according to the 1972 census, there lived 826,200 residents, more than half of Indian origin, which rose to 845,755 according to an assessment of 1974. The average population density is 453 residents per km 2. The dependent island Rodriguez (109 km 2) had, in 1974, 25,700 residents (in 1957 there were 16,535)
The capital, Port Louis, had in 1974, in its urban agglomeration, 136,802 residents (just over 104,000 in 1958). Other important centers were, in 1974: Beau Bassin-Rose Hill (81,818 residents, From 35,550 in 1960), Curepipe (53,387 from 27,900), Quatres Bornes (52,261 from 21,500 in 1958).
The arable land and agricultural woody crops cover 57% of the territorial area, and rose from 92,000 ha in 1961 to 106,000 ha in 1974. Sugar cane predominates (81,000 ha and 6.7 million q of sugar in 21 large companies). Also important is the production of sanseviera (1000 ha and 14,000 q of fiber in 1975), coconut palm (18,000 t of walnuts and 23,000 q of copra, in 1975), tea (4300 ha and 41,000 q in 1975), tobacco (7800 q in 1975, 4000 q in 1964). And, finally, for local food, maize, rice, potatoes and bananas (90,000 q), sweet potatoes, cassava, tomatoes, etc.
The zootechnical patrimony consists of 51,000 head of cattle, 3,000 sheep, 66,000 goats. In 1975, the amount of fish landed was 7700 tons.
Electricity production went from 43.4 to 305 million kWh, of which 41 million for water, in the period 1957-74; with an installed power of 121,000 kW, of which 26,000 water, in 1974.
A brewery (91,000 hl in 1974), a fertilizer factory and an oil refinery were added to the sugar refineries, oil mills and tobacco factories.
Foreign trade, in the four-year period 1972-75, had a notable increase, both in imports which went from 461 to 1995 million rupees (the rupees of Mauritius = 133.50 Italian lire, in 1977), and in exports (mainly sugar) which had a significant increase: from 360 to 1814 million.
The road network covers an overall length of 1308 km, of which 874 are asphalted. International airport in Plaisance.