Marshall Islands. In October, one month of country grief was announced since Chief Jurelang Zedkaia, who was the country’s president in 2009-12, passed away at the age of 65.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Majuro is the capital of Marshall Islands which is located in Micronesia. Former Foreign Minister Tony de Brum was awarded the Right Livelihood Awards honorary honor together with the residents of the Marshall Islands. In 2014, de Brum took the initiative to sue the Marshall Islands for the United States and eight other nuclear weapons countries for failing to comply with the disarmament requirements prescribed by the Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968. The lawsuit was filed with the International Court of Justice in The Hague (ICJ) and directly with the United States. The latter was dismissed in February by a United States federal court, but the decision was appealed by the Marshall Islands. The United States conducted over 60 test blasts during the 1940s and 1950s on the islands of Bikini and Enewetak. The residents of the Bikini Islands are still living on other islands in the country, where they were moved because of the radiation risks.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Marshall Islands country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
In November elections were held in Parliament. There is no formal party system in the country, but the candidates are running for personal elections in each constituency. The turnout was 46 percent and the result was a defeat for the incumbent government. Half of the ministers, including Tony de Brum, lost their seats in parliament. Because the president is also the head of government, the election results meant no change in that position.
Marshall Islands. Central-Eastern Pacific State. The Ratak Islands were sighted in 1526 by the Spanish García de Loaysa. In 1788 T. Gilbert and J. Marshall recognized them and baptized the archipelago. From 1885 to 1914 they were a German protectorate; Japan had them in mandate in 1922 and annexed them in 1935. During the Second World War the archipelago passed under the trusteeship of the United States which ended in 1990. Since 1991 the Marshall Islands are part of the UN. Political life was marked by the question of using the islands as a base for American nuclear tests and then as a repository for the disposal of waste. In 2003, the free association agreement with the United States was renewed, which provides for a twenty-year aid program. The financial regime granted by the Marshall Islands it raised controversy to foreign capital, but in 2007 the Marshall Islands undertook to guarantee transparency and the effective exchange of information in the tax field and the OECD has removed them from the list of tax havens. Contesting an alleged violation of international obligations on ending the nuclear arms race and nuclear disarmament, in April 2014 the Marshall Islands sued 9 countries before the International Court of Justice: China, France, India, Israel, Pakistan, United Kingdom, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States. Of these, only India, Pakistan and the United Kingdom have recognized the Court’s mandatory jurisdiction over legal matters affecting them.Since 2012, the President of the Republic is Christopher Loeak.