Lazio and Rome, Italy

Rome, Italy

Lazio in Italy

Lazio is one of the regions of Italy. More precisely, it’s in Central Italy. Its most important city is the Italian capital Rome . The Lazio region was already one of the richest and most important areas of the country during ancient times. At that time, Latium was understood to mean the area between the Tiber, Sabine Mountains, Sinuessa and the Tyrrhenian Sea, which has the shape of a rectangle. Today’s area consists of the Landscapes from the north-western part to the Italian south-east. It is also called the “knee” of Italy. Its coastal region lies on the Tyrrhenian Sea, which is part of theMediterranean Seaheard. The landscapes of Lazio are very varied.

The history of Lazio

The Latins were the first proven settlers in the Lazio region. These lived around since the 6th century BC. Christ there. Between 340 and 383 BC Christ subjugated the mighty city of Rome, the regions of Latium and the surrounding areas. This time is also known as the Second Latin War. Latium became the center of the Roman Empire and the city of Rome located there became the core.

After the Western Roman Empire came to an end, the area was part of the Odoacer Empire until 493. In 536 the entire area was incorporated into the integrated. In 755, Lazio was part of the territory of the Franks, who in turn assigned the region to the Pope as a fief. This enabled the papal state to come into being. Later the Franconian Empire was divided and assigned to the Kingdom of Italy. But just a few years later, Lazio achieved its complete independence. When Napoleon conquered the Papal States as part of his Italian campaign in 1796, the region was finally annexed by France in 1809. It was decided at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to restore the Papal States. In 1870 Latium, which was limited to the Papal States, was forced to join Italy. In 1974 the current administrative unit of the Lazio region was finally founded.

Life and sights in Lazio

The region of Lazio lives of course from the famous city of Rome, which attracts millions of tourists every year. But today’s Lazio is also very attractive as a holiday area. Here are the Alban Hills, where you can go on wonderful hikes.

The landscape around the large volcanic lakes is particularly attractive. These alone are worth the trip. The Lago di Vico and the Lake Bolsena, the largest of these lakes. You are in the so-called triangle between Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio.

In addition, there are numerous ruins, castles, palaces and historical buildings throughout the area. The old town of Rome in particular is a highly frequented place where many tourists cavort every day.

If you like it a little quieter, you should travel to southern Lazio. Here, in the direction of the city of Naples, is the historic Monte Cassino monastery. This has always been of great importance to the population. So it was a matter of course that it would be completely rebuilt after its total destruction in World War II. Today it can be viewed again in its full glory.

Rome (Italy)

Rome has been the most important since its inception city in Italy. It is located in the Lazio region, on the banks of the Tiber River. Around 3.3 million people live in the entire area of ​​Rome, including a certain number of unreported citizens.

The Italian Metropolis is very important for the whole country. Due to its role in antiquity and its ruling position during the Roman Empire, today’s Rome owes its nickname the Eternal City. In addition, the seat of the Order of Knights of Malta is still located here. This is an independent and non-governmental subject of international law. Furthermore, the seat of the administration of the Lazio region and the province of Rome was established here. The independent state of the Vatican City is located in the city. This is the seat of the Pope. Due to its position as the Roman Catholic head, Rome is multiple capital at the same time.

Landscapes of Rome

There are historical monuments and museums throughout the city of Rome. There is of course extensive tourism here. St. Peter’s Basilica, the Vatican City and the magnificent old town of Rome were named World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1980. The UN sub-organization FAQ, IFAD and WFP have their headquarters in Rome. Rome is geologically located in the Tiber Plain and is surrounded by the Abruzzo and the Sabine Mountains. In the southern part of the city are the Alban Hills.

History of the city of Rome

There is a founding legend that says that Rome was founded on April 21, 753 BC. Christ was founded by Romulus. Romulus is said to have later killed his twin brother Remus. The reason for this killing is said to have been an argument with him. Remus is said to have made fun of the city wall built by Romulus. The twins were sons of the god Mars and the vestal virgin Rhea Sivlia. After their birth, the two cubs are said to have been abandoned on the Tiber and suckled by a she-wolf. The shepherd Faustulus at Velabrunn took Remus and Romulus in and raised them.
In any case, it is certain that the real origin of the word Roma has not been completely clarified. Like this legend, there are numerous other stories and theories about its origin. Due to the legend of its origin, however, there may well be a connection between the word for the female breast, rum, and the she-wolf from history. There is also the thesis that the word Rome is derived from the noble family Rumina.

During various excavations on the Palatine Hill, archaeologists found several remains of settlements dating back to 1000 BC. Christ. In general, the history of Rome is extremely extensive and far-reaching. Rome was already an important city in antiquity, and its importance for the country steadily increased over the years.

Sights in Rome

Actually, the whole of Rome is worth seeing. But those who value certain sights should see the city ​​center and the Aurelian Wall from the 3rd century. The historic old town is also worth a visit. Here the narrow streets lead past impressive buildings from different eras.

Rome, Italy