Jordan. In February, the world was shaken by the brutal murder of a Jordanian fighter pilot that was shot down in December during an airstrike against the Islamic State (IS) terrorist organization in Syria. A video recording showed how the pilot, the first captured in connection with the US-led attacks against IS, was burned alive in a cage. Jordan immediately executed two prisoners with ties to jihadists in Syria, one of them a woman who IS tried to exchange with the pilot. Both had previously been sentenced to death for a terror attack against a hotel in Amman in 2005. The authorities then struck hard against all expressions of sympathy for IS. According to COUNTRYAAH, Amman is the capital of Jordan which is located in Western Asia. The Air Force also began to bomb IS targets in Iraq, alongside Syria.
From March, Lebanon participated in the air strikes against Shiite Muslim right-wing rebels in Yemen, initiated by Saudi Arabia, in support of the country’s deposed President Abd al-Rahman Mansur al-Hadi.
In July, the United Nations Food Program announced that a large part of the more than 600,000 registered Syrian refugees in the country would cut food aid in half due to reduced inflow of aid donors. In addition to the registered refugees, according to Jordanian authorities, there were at least as many Syrians in the country as well as around 100,000 refugees from Iraq. Many were reported to have an increasing difficulty in sustaining themselves.
Area: 89,318 km2 (world rank: 110)
Population density: 109 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 92)
Capital: `Amman (Amman)
Official languages: Arabic
Gross domestic product: 40.1 billion US $; Real growth: 2.0%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 3980 US$
Currency: 1 Jordan dinar (JD) = 1000 Fils
Heerstr. 201, 13595 Berlin
Telephone 030 3699600,
Fax 030 36996011
Head of State: Abdullah II, Head of Government: Omar Ahman Munif ar-Razzaz, Outside: Ayman Safadi
National Day: 25.5. (Independence Day)
State and form of government
Constitution of 1952
State religion: Islam
Parliament (Majlis al-Umma): Assembly of MPs (Majlis an-Nuwaab) with 130 members (15 seats for women, 9 for Christians, 3 for minorities reserved), choice every 4 years; Senate (Majlis al-Aajan) with 75 members appointed by the king for 4 years.
Suffrage from 18 years.
Population: Jordanians, last census 2015 (preliminary): 9,531,712 residents
approx. 98% Arabs; Minorities of Circassians, Chechens, Dagestans, Kurds, Armenians and so-called Turkmen
Cities (with population): (As of 2015) ‘Amman (Amman) 1,812,059 pop., Az-Zarqa’ (Sarka) 635,160, Irbid 502,714, Ar-Rusayfah 472,604
Religions: 97% Sunnis, 2% Christians; Shiite, Baha’i and Druze minorities (as of 2006)
Languages: Arabic; Languages of the minority
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 4%, industry 27%, business 69% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 14.9%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.3%
Foreign trade: Import: 20.4 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 7.5 billion (2017)
With the exception of the northwest (Mediterranean climate), 79.1% of the country’s area has less than 100mm of precipitation per year. The January temperatures in Amman are 8 ° C, the July temperatures averaging 25 ° C.