Guatemala. According to COUNTRYAAH, Guatemala City is the capital of Guatemala which is located in North America. President Otto Pérez Molina was openly accused by the UN-backed Commission on Impunity (CICIG) and the State Prosecutor’s Office for taking bribes from business in exchange for freedom from paying import duties. The scandal broke in April and September 3 he resigned, the day after Congress decided to deprive him of his immunity. An arrest warrant went out the same day. He appealed to the Supreme Court, which decided that he should be detained. His Vice President Alejandro Maldonado took office to fulfill Perez’s term of office. Three days later, elections were held for congress and mayor posts around the country.
In the second round of the presidential election on October 25, former TV comedian Jimmy Morales of the Conservative Coalition National Convergence Party (FCN-Nación) won a landslide victory with just over 67% of the vote against 33% for Sandra Torres of the National Union of Hope (UNE). However, turnout was very low – 56% – which can be compared to the first round of voting when 71% of the voters voted. The first round of elections was also characterized by violence, which among other things led to the election having to be redone in eleven of the country’s 339 municipalities.
The FCN-Nación presented itself as an anti-establishment event and Morale’s victory happened against the backdrop of years of corruption charges against the incumbent politicians. He promised early on that he would fight endemic corruption in the country, but is also believed to have major problems in Congress, with his coalition only holding 13 of 158 seats after the September election. In the mayoral election, FCNNación did not win in a single municipality.
In October, a court rejected 89-year-old former dictator Efraín Ríos Montt’s request for amnesty for the human rights crimes he is accused of during his time as Guatemalan dictator in 1982-83. Human rights groups paid tribute to the court decision. Ríos Montt will face trial again in January 2016.