Georgia State Geography

Georgia State Geography

Jekyll Island is one of the Golden Isles off the coast of Georgia.

The state of Georgia covers 154,077 km², of which 150,132 km² is land. The state is in the Eastern time zone. Georgia is typically divided into five major geographic regions: the Appalachian Plateau, the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Piedmont Region, and the Coastal Plain.

According to watchtutorials, Georgia is located on the Atlantic Ocean. It borders Tennessee and North Carolina to the north, Alabama to the west , South Carolina to the northeast, and Florida to the south.

Off the coast of Georgia are thirteen islands, four of which are known as the “Golden Isles . Several islands are permanently uninhabited, but most of the Golden Islands have established themselves as luxury resorts for the American elite since the Civil War . This image contributed to the selection of Sea Island as the venue for the thirtieth G8 meeting in 2004.


The visitor center at Brasstown Bald

Most of the state is fairly flat, although the north is rather hilly. After all, the northwest belongs to the Appalachians and the Piedmont plateau runs through the center of the state. The Blue Ridge Mountains to the northeast are home to the highest point in the state with the summit of Brasstown Bald (1458m) being the highest point in the state. Also in this region is Stone Mountain, with a relief carved into it representing three Confederate commanders: General Thomas Stonewall Jackson, Commander-in-Chief Robert E. Lee, and President Jefferson Davis.

These mountain ranges are not only natural beauty for the state. The presence of various raw materials makes them very important both economically and geologically. For example, various minerals are mined, but also limestone, sandstone, marble, hornstone, shale, iron ores, copper and coal.

Rivers and Lakes

The Buford Dam created the Lake Lanier.

The main river is the Savannah, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean at the city of the same name and forms much of the border with South Carolina. Other major rivers are the Altamaha, Suwannee, and Chattahoochee, which is the longest river in Georgia at 690 km and forms the southern portion of the Georgia- Alabama border.

The state is also home to several lakes. The largest is Lake Sidney Lanier in the northern part of the state. Lake Lanier is an artificial lake created in 1956 by the construction of the Buford Dam on the Chattahoochee River. The lake has the dual function of generating hydroelectric power on the one hand and protecting the city of Atlanta from flooding on the other. The second largest lake, Lake Oconee, was also created for electricity production.

Flora and Fauna

Georgia is home to about 250 different tree species, including the cypress, the carya, the so-called “sweetgum” (Liquidambar), the red cedar, and several oak species, including the official state tree, the “Live Oak” (Quercus virginiana). Palm trees and other subtropical vegetation are common in the southeastern regions bordering the Atlantic coast.

Common animal species include the white- tailed deer, the American black bear, the muskrat, raccoons, opossums, the mockingbird and the rufous mockingbird. Frequent reptiles and amphibians include the diamondback rattlesnake, copperhead, water moccasin snake, salamanders, alligators and toads. Trout, bream, catfish and perchare among the most common freshwater fish. Red robin, spotted grosbeak, flatfish and megalops are the most frequent saltwater fish. Off the coast of Georgia you can also find porpoises, shrimp oysters, blue crabs and whales.


Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate which is occasionally tempered in winter by a polar air current. Such air currents caused temperatures in Georgia to drop significantly in early 2014, and snowstorms forced then-Governor Nathan Deal to declare a state of emergency. However, Georgia generally has a mild winter with no frost and little snowfall.

Summer is little different from that in other southeastern states. Temperatures often climb above 30°C and the humid climate makes the state extremely susceptible to tornadoes and hurricanes. However, due to the relatively small coastline, the state is rarely directly hit by a hurricane and damage is usually limited. The last hurricane to make landfall in the state was Hurricane David in 1979.


According to an estimate by the United States Census Bureau, Georgia had 9,92,167 inhabitants on July 1, 2013, spread over a total area of ​​150,132 km² (65.4 per km²). Georgia is the eighth US state in terms of population. In 2014, the ten-millionth resident was greeted.

As of 2010, the state also has the sixth highest number of illegal immigrants. Between 2000 and 2009, more than 480,000 immigrants entered the state illegally.

Georgia is also one of the youngest states according to the 2010 census. Only 1,032,035 inhabitants (10.7% of the population) are older than 65 years. With this, the state only has to give way to Alaska (7.7%) and Utah (9%).

Ethnicity, Language & Religion

About 60% of Georgia’s residents are white (including 3.8% white Hispanics). At about 30%, African Americans make up the second largest group. That they make up a third of the total population can be explained by the history of Georgia as a former slave state. The population of African Americans is the third highest in the US after Mississippi and Louisiana. The remaining 10% is made up of minorities such as Asian Americans (3.3%), Native Americans (0.3%) and other ethnicities.

As is often the case, this racial and ethnic diversity is also felt on a geographical level. The Georgia countryside is predominately white while the major cities have become African-American poles of attraction. In Atlanta, for example, a majority of 54% (more than two million inhabitants) is African American, compared to 38.4% (more than one and a half million) white Americans. Augusta, with 54.7% or over 100,000 African American residents, is the same. 2010 census data indicates that Georgia had an African American population of 3,054,098, which was well over 7% of the total African American population of the US. This makes it the state with the fourth most African-American inhabitants in absolute terms, after New York, Florida in Texas.

Research by the Modern Language Association found that in 2010, approximately 87% had English as their first language. That is about 2% less than at the last census in 2000. After English, Spanish is the most spoken language in Georgia. With a share of 7.42%, Spanish speakers make up the largest linguistic minority. Their share increased by about 2.5% from the 2000 census. Other minority languages ​​are Korean (0.51%), Vietnamese (0.44%) and French (0.42%).

Like most southern states, Georgia is predominantly Protestant. 70% of the population belong to a Protestant community, compared to a national average of 51%. Of these, 38% define themselves as evangelical Christians and 16% as mainline Protestant. Another 16% said they belong to the historic black churches of Protestantism. In addition, 12% of the population is Catholic and 1% is Mormon. The largest Christian church community in Georgia is the Southern Baptist Convention, with nearly 1.8 million followers. Furthermore, an estimated 1% is Jewish, 0.5% Muslim, 0.5%Buddhist and 0.5% Hindu. About 13% of the population is non-religious.

Georgia State Geography