In 2015, Fiji had a population of around 900,000 people. The majority of the population is ethnically Fijian with small percentages of other ethnicities such as Indian and Chinese. The economy of Fiji is primarily based on tourism, with exports of sugar, apparel and fish making up a large part of its GDP. In terms of foreign relations, Fiji is a member of several international organizations including the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO) and Commonwealth of Nations (CNM). See ehealthfacts for Fiji in the year of 2005.
In 2015, politics in Fiji were dominated by Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama who had been in office since 2014. He was re-elected in 2015 with an administration that focused on economic development through foreign investment, public works projects and infrastructure improvements. Opposition to Bainimarama’s government came from both civil society groups who wanted more democratic reforms and opposition parties who wanted less government intervention in economic affairs. In addition, there were tensions between Fiji and its neighbors over border disputes which led to disputes over access to regional waters.
Fiji. The stabilized political situation and the return to a democratic governance after the last state coup in 2006 resulted, among other things, in the normalization of the Fiji-EU relationship. In June, the parties signed an agreement to provide Fiji with extensive support for the development of the agricultural sector and the judicial system. In addition, the number of tourists hit a record during the year. It is mainly people from Australia and New Zealand who travel to Fiji, but the industry is aiming to attract more people from Asia, not least from China, a country visited by Prime Minister Voreqe (“Frank”) Bainimarama in July. He then met with Chinese President Xi Jinping. In April, a Chinese mining company was authorized to open a third bauxite mine in the country.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Suva is the capital of Fiji which is located in Melanesia. One of the country’s heaviest politicians, Mahendra Chaudhry, retired during the year after 23 years as leader of Fiji’s workers’ party (FLP). Chaudhry was Prime Minister from 1999 to 2000, but in the 2014 elections, the FLP became completely without a mandate in Parliament. Also in the Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA) there was a shift on the party leader post. The newly elected leader Ratu Naiqama was suspended from parliament in May for two years after he insulted the Speaker of Parliament at a meeting. However, he was allowed to return to his place after apologizing in writing.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Fiji country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
In October, Parliament elected former Major General and diplomat Jioji Konrote as new president. At the time, Konrote was Minister responsible for, among other things, the labor market. He took office in November. In a speech in Australia in October, Prime Minister Bainimarama apologized to exile Fijians for the coups of 1987 and 2000 that caused many of the country’s residents to flee abroad. Bainimarama invited the fugitives to return to Fiji. However, he did not apologize for the military coups he conducted himself. During the year, the western and northern parts of the kingdom were plagued by drought that affected at least 50,000 people.