Among the most industrialized countries are Germany, the United Kingdom and France. The continent stands out in the manufacture of automobiles, shoes, luxury industry (cosmetics and clothing). Despite this, the global crisis of 2008 raised the unemployment rate of the European continent. France is the world’s first nuclear power producer, from which it extracts 76% of its electricity needs, and sells some to Germany and Belgium. According to Abbreviationfinder, EU stands for European Union.
|Country||Unemployment (percent)||Youth unemployment (percent)||Percentage of land used for agriculture (percent)|
|Albania||14.0 (2019)||30.7 (2019)||43.1 (2016)|
|Armenia||17.7 (2019)||36.0 (2019)||58.9 (2016)|
|Azerbaijan||5.4 (2019)||14.2 (2019)||57.7 (2016)|
|Belgium||6.4 (2019)||17.9 (2019)||44.6 (2016)|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||21.2 (2019)||47.4 (2019)||43.1 (2016)|
|Bulgaria||4.8 (2019)||11.5 (2019)||46.3 (2016)|
|Cyprus||7.9 (2019)||18.3 (2019)||12.2 (2016)|
|Denmark||4.8 (2019)||9.0 (2019)||62.0 (2016)|
|Estonia||5.9 (2019)||11.9 (2019)||23.1 (2016)|
|Finland||7.3 (2019)||17.0 (2019)||7.5 (2016)|
|France||9.1 (2019)||21.0 (2019)||52.4 (2016)|
|Georgia||14.2 (2019)||30.9 (2019)||34.5 (2016)|
|Greece||18.1 (2019)||39.3 (2019)||47.6 (2016)|
|Ireland||5.3 (2019)||12.0 (2019)||64.5 (2016)|
|Iceland||3.0 (2019)||7.5 (2019)||18.7 (2016)|
|Italy||9.2 (2019)||28.7 (2019)||43.2 (2016)|
|Croatia||7.8 (2019)||24.1 (2019)||27.6 (2016)|
|Latvia||8.2 (2019)||15.5 (2019)||31.1 (2016)|
|Lithuania||6.6 (2019)||13.6 (2019)||47.2 (2016)|
|Luxembourg||5.4 (2019)||15.6 (2019)||53.7 (2016)|
|Malta||4.6 (2019)||10.9 (2019)||32.4 (2016)|
|Moldova||3.7 (2019)||10.0 (2019)||74.2 (2016)|
|Montenegro||15.8 (2019)||29.7 (2019)||19.0 (2016)|
|Netherlands||3.8 (2019)||7.0 (2019)||53.3 (2016)|
|Norway||4.0 (2019)||10.3 (2019)||2.7 (2016)|
|Poland||3.3 (2019)||10.1 (2019)||46.9 (2016)|
|Portugal||6.1 (2019)||17.7 (2019)||39.5 (2016)|
|Romania||4.2 (2019)||15.0 (2019)||58.8 (2016)|
|Russia||4.5 (2019)||14.8 (2019)||13.3 (2016)|
|San Marino||–||–||16.7 (2016)|
|Switzerland||4.9 (2019)||8.4 (2019)||38.4 (2016)|
|Serbia||13.5 (2019)||32.2 (2019)||39.3 (2016)|
|Slovakia||6.4 (2019)||16.9 (2019)||39.2 (2016)|
|Slovenia||5.5 (2019)||11.2 (2019)||30.7 (2016)|
|Spain||14.7 (2019)||33.2 (2019)||52.6 (2016)|
|UK||3.8 (2019)||10.6 (2019)||71.7 (2016)|
|Sweden||6.8 (2019)||18.5 (2019)||7.4 (2016)|
|Czech Republic||2.5 (2019)||7.9 (2019)||45.2 (2016)|
|Turkey||11.9 (2019)||21.3 (2019)||49.8 (2016)|
|Germany||3.2 (2019)||5.7 (2019)||47.7 (2016)|
|Ukraine||9.3 (2019)||19.7 (2019)||71.7 (2016)|
|Hungary||3.5 (2019)||9.3 (2019)||58.4 (2016)|
|Vatican City State||–||–||–|
|Belarus||5.8 (2019)||10.1 (2019)||42.0 (2016)|
|Austria||4.6 (2019)||8.7 (2019)||32.4 (2016)|
The agriculture in some European countries, it is not sufficient to meet the population’s needs. In the United Kingdom agriculture occupies a small part of the territory. Agricultural labor use is the lowest in the world and food production meets only 40% of the population’s food needs, the rest is imported. Countries like Spain and Italy are major producers of meat, olive oil and fruits. Already France, stands out with wines and dairy products.
Services and Finance in Europe
The service sector is the strongest in Europe. To get an idea, of the twenty largest companies on this continent, 12 are from the financial sector such as the British bank HSBC or the German insurer Allianz. Tourism is also essential for maintaining balance of accounts. Portugal, for example, receives about 12.76 million visitors in 2018 and this activity already accounts for 13.7% of GDP of this country, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics.
- Countryaah: Offers a full list of 45 countries and territories in the continent of Europe in alphabetical order.
European Climate and Vegetation
Europe’s climate and landscapes feature three major natural regions:
- Northern Europe: domain of tundra (undergrowth, which can withstand very low temperatures), subpolar plains and mountains (polar climate). Mastery of the taiga and land where weeds and wild plants develop; less intense cold region to the west due to maritime influence (cold weather).
- Plains oceanic and continental Europe: plains region, natural environment altered by human action and predominance of agriculture (temperate climate). Mountainous areas dominated by forests and many man-made stretches and some regions with semiarid climate.
- Southern mountain Europe: cold mountain region of high mountains. Mediterranean region with mountains and places modified by human action and regions of Mediterranean plains and plateaus (Mediterranean climate).
European culture is diverse and is the sum of various peoples, religions and knowledge that have developed in this region. The first civilization that influenced the continent was the Greek. Despite being a handful of competing cities, the Greeks left their mark on politics, philosophy, medicine, astronomy, art, etc. They were later dominated by the Romans who copied many of their teachings and expanded their domains to the north in present-day England. The Romans carried their legal system and customs throughout the continent.
Similarly, with the advent of Christianity, European peoples began to develop painting, architecture, sculpture and music always related to the religious theme. Already in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the revaluation of Classical Antiquity, the realization that there are lands beyond the Ocean, change the Europeans’ understanding of themselves and the world. On this continent, too, are created the machines that allow the Industrial Revolution, liberalism and the struggle for egalitarianism. Art becomes a mosaic of artistic movements such as Impressionism, Cubism, Surrealism and many others that will be reinterpreted by artists from around the world.
Europe – wildlife
Europe, together with North Africa, the Middle East and temperate and arctic Asia, constitutes the Palaearctic region or subregion, and there is no clear animal geographic boundary between Europe and these neighboring regions. This is reflected in the fact that although there are numerous species and genera of animals found only in Europe, this applies to only a few small groups of higher rank, for example certain families of centipedes. The majority of vertebrate species are found in Europe as well as in neighboring Europe.
There are huge differences between the relatively species-rich fauna in the Mediterranean and the southern European mountains. The Alps and the Pyrenees, and the much poorer northern European fauna, which has an arctic feel to the north. During the recent ice ages, large parts of Europe were iced, and most animal species became extinct or displaced for refugees around the Mediterranean or eastern Siberia. As the ice retreated, the animals could migrate north along the vegetation, respectively. westward, but many species, both plants and animals, simply did not have time to colonize the entire area where they could actually live.
Man has also played a vital role in Europe’s wildlife. Man’s influence on nature has been more long-lasting and pervasive here than most anywhere else on the earth. The living conditions of the animals have changed radically, in particular, they have affected the large, extinct species such as bears, wolves and bison, which are now found only in inaccessible areas and in greatly reduced numbers, while for example wild horses, riots and lions, is completely eradicated. The freshwater fauna also has tight conditions as a result of pollution. In contrast, human influence has provided improved living conditions for species associated with the open farmland, although modern economies of scale have meant a secondary impoverishment of this fauna.
Although part of Europe’s current wildlife can thus be said to be human, there are only a relatively few species that have even been brought to Europe by humans. This applies to bees rot, raccoon and Colorado beetle, which are introduced respectively. brought in from North America, as well as the East Asian pheasant. In contrast, numerous European animal species have been introduced or introduced to other regions with a comparable climate, for example, North America, Australia and New Zealand. In Europe, there are approx. 180 species of mammals, almost 500 species of breeding birds, approx. 50 species of amphibians and close to 85 species of reptiles.