Equatorial Guinea. According to COUNTRYAAH, Malabo is the capital of Equatorial Guinea which is located in Central Africa. Equatorial Guinea hosted the African Football Championships in January and February 2015. The country took over the event at short notice since Morocco withdrew and wanted to postpone the tournament of fear of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Equatorial Guinea country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
Accusations of the government’s lack of respect for human rights and oppression of the opposition as well as widespread corruption led to some criticism of the election of Equatorial Guinea as organizer. Three men were arrested, including blogger and opposition activist Celestino Nvo Okenve, and held in detention for two weeks since they called for a boycott of the host. The country’s authoritarian president, Teodoro Obiang Nguema, was reported to have personally purchased 40,000 tickets to be distributed to the poor so that stands would not go empty. The organizers were fined later when the rioting broke out during the semi-final between the host country and Ghana and objects were thrown against the players. Nearly 150 fans were arrested.
In November, the Zimbabwean press reported that the country would send military trainers to Equatorial Guinea. Zimbabwe also assisted with security personnel during the football championship.
Obiang Nguema has been collaborating with Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe for about ten years. In 2004, Zimbabwe stopped a group of alleged mercenaries on their way to Equatorial Guinea. They were suspected of wanting to overthrow the regime.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
In 1998, according to estimates made by international organizations, the population amounted to 431. 000 residents. The capital, Malabo, is home to almost a tenth of them. The demographic increase is very high, favored, over the last twenty years, by a slow but constant decrease in the death rate, against which there has not been a similar decrease in the birth rate.
The country has a strongly backward economic structure, and the only growth prospects are linked, in the medium term, to offshore oil discoveries. Entirely conducted by multinationals, prospecting appears favorable and the use of new fields is expected to start. For the rest, GE has traditional agriculture, intended for internal consumption, to which are added modest industrial crops (cocoa and coffee). The forest cover is very extensive: in the mid-1990s about 650 were produced. 000 m ³ of wood, mostly of valuable wood (ebony, rosewood, etc.).
Agricultural enhancement projects focus mainly on cocoa, whose expansion plans have been financed by the World Bank; the prospects are favorable, even if there are difficulties mostly connected to the shortage of manpower able to work on the plantations. Agricultural development projects have been developed with the aim of ensuring food self-sufficiency in the country. The industrial system is very modest, the companies are negligible in size and operate almost exclusively in the food and woodworking sector. A very high technological delay and a marked energy shortage are weighing on the country. A hydroelectric plant on the Riaga river is nearing completion, while the construction of another plant is planned in Bikomo, near Bata: once the works have been completed, available energy should favor the construction of a network for civil uses and the availability of energy for industrial uses. In addition to the capital, the only urban center of some importance is Bata, in whose port goods for about 140. 000 t per year. The international airport is in Malabo.