In 2015, the population of Djibouti was estimated to be around 900,000 people. The majority of the population is Somali and Afar with a small percentage of immigrants from other African countries. The economy of Djibouti is largely reliant on services such as port management and logistics. It also has a small manufacturing sector that produces goods such as food products and textiles. In terms of foreign relations, Djibouti is a member of several international organizations including the African Union, the Arab League and the United Nations. See ehealthfacts for Djibouti in the year of 2005.
In 2015, politics in Djibouti were dominated by President Ismail Omar Guelleh who had been in office since 1999. He was re-elected in 2011 with an administration that focused on improving infrastructure, increasing foreign investment and developing regional trade links. Opposition to Guelleh’s government came from both civil society groups who wanted more democratic reforms and armed rebel groups who wanted greater autonomy for their regions. In addition, there were tensions between Djibouti and Eritrea over territorial disputes which led to clashes between their militaries over control of border areas.
Djibouti. According to COUNTRYAAH, Djibouti is the capital of Djibouti which is located in Eastern Africa. The unified opposition in the Alliance National Rescue Union (USN), which took up its seats in Parliament at the New Year, after a year and a half of boycott, threatened in June to break cooperation in the National Assembly. The reason was that the government did not live up to the promises of democratic reform.
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A religious ceremony in December degenerated into violent clashes with police. Seven people were killed according to official data, while the opposition reported 19 dead. Among many injured were USN leader Ahmed Youssouf.
Djibouti – djibouti
Djibouti, capital of the Republic of Djibouti, East Africa; 623,900 residents (2013). Djibouti, which is located on a low-lying peninsula on the Tadjour Gulf, has a hot and dry climate. The cityscape is characterized by the mixture of old and modern architecture. The water supply is secured with the help of the underground Houmbouli stream.
Djibouti is an important port city and serves as a transit port for trade between Ethiopia and the countries of the Red Sea region. During the 1980s and 1990s, the city’s economy was heavily burdened by the large influx of refugees from neighboring countries.
The Djibouti – Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) railway was completed in 1917.
History. – Towards the end of the first decade of the 21st century, Djibouti continued to suffer the effects of structural problems such as corruption and an exceptionally high unemployment rate (over 50%), with large sections of the population below the poverty line; the increase in the prices of basic necessities and prolonged periods of drought also contributed to worsening the conditions of the country. From a political point of view, power remained solidly in the hands of the forces in support of President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh who, united in the Union pour la majorité présidentielle (UMP) coalition, won all 65 seats in Parliament in the elections of February 2008, boycotted by the opposition. In the same year, tensions with neighboring Eritrea worsened, whose troops occupied the disputed border area of Ras Doumeira. The clashes continued in 2009 and cost Eritrea the sanctions of the UN Security Council (December 2009); a first agreement for a negotiated solution to the dispute was reached in June 2010 thanks to the mediation of the Qaṭar. In April 2010, Parliament passed a controversial constitutional reform that lifted the two-term presidential term limit to allow Guelleh to run again. In the elections of February 2011 – amid street protests to demand the resignation of the president – the outgoing head of state was confirmed with over 80% of the vote. The opposition boycotted the vote again, but participated in the consultations for the renewal of Parliament in February 2013: once again,
Due to its strategic position in the Horn of Africa, overlooking the Red Sea and close to states characterized by continuous conflicts such as Somalia and Yemen, Djibouti was logically essential in Western operations to combat piracy and terrorism. Since December 2011, the country also participated in the African Union mission in Somalia (AMISOM).