In 2015, the population of the Czech Republic was estimated to be 10.5 million people. The majority of the population is made up of Czechs (63.7%) with Slovaks (4.9%), Poles (0.6%) and other ethnic groups making up the remaining population. The Czech Republic has a developed economy that is heavily reliant on exports and foreign investment, particularly from Germany, Austria and other European countries. In terms of foreign relations, the Czech Republic joined the European Union in 2004 and is a member of NATO, the United Nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and other international organizations. See ehealthfacts for Czech Republic in the year of 2005.
In 2015, politics in the Czech Republic were focused on economic issues such as taxation reform and pension reform as well as civil rights issues such as LGBT rights and immigration reform. The government was led by Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka who had been in office since 2014. There was strong opposition to his government’s policies from both left-wing parties who wanted more progressive reforms and right-wing parties who wanted less government intervention in economic affairs. In addition, there were tensions between Slovakia and Hungary over minority rights which led to disputes over voting rights in elections held that year.
Czech Republic. According to COUNTRYAAH, Prague is the capital of Czech Republic which is located in Eastern Europe. President Miloš Zeman declared in April that the door to his residence at the Prague Castle was closed to the US ambassador, who criticized Zeman for wanting to participate in Moscow’s celebration of the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Most other European leaders boycotted the ceremony because of the Russian military adventure in Ukraine.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Czech Republic country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
The outspoken Zeman had also criticized EU and Czech sanctions against Moscow. Zeman in turn received criticism from Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka, who felt that the Czech Republic must stand united with NATO and the EU against the Kremlin.
Zeman traveled to Moscow in May but refrained from the military parade on Red Square. He met President Vladimir Putin, who praised Zeman. Back in Prague, Zeman was met by harsh criticism from the press and from politicians who accused him of bowing to a dictator threatening Ukraine’s sovereignty.
In June, the government presented a proposal for a constitutional amendment, which would reduce the president’s influence over foreign policy and authority in appointments. Zeman reacted to the proposal and described it as absurd.
When in September the EU wanted to introduce mandatory refugee reception quotas, the Czech Republic together with Slovakia and Hungary said no. However, the government was not prepared, like Slovakia, to challenge the EU decision in court. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said that the Czech Republic treats refugees abusive and violates human rights in what has been described as an attempt to deter asylum seekers. In addition, President Zeman was accused of Islamophobic statements, something the presidential office rejected.
On the Czech National Day in October, thousands of people in several cities went into xenophobic demonstrations. In Prague, riot police took action to separate the hostile protesters from hundreds of counter-protesters. Among the speakers were the founder of the German anti-Islamic movement Pegida.
In November, an open quarrel broke out between Prime Minister Sobotka and President Zeman on the refugee issue. Zeman described the migrant wave as an organized invasion of hidden terrorists and said that Sobotka’s attitude threatened the security of the Czech Republic. Sobotka said the threat did not come from refugees, who needed help, and he accused Zeman of collaborating with populists who exploit the fear of the Islamic State (IS) terrorist movement. Zeman had held a speech standing next to an extreme anti-Islamist, who wrote on Facebook that Muslims should be put in concentration camps and ground for minced meat. Zeman said he was not aware of the statement, which later led to suspicion of anger against people.
Area: 78,867 km2 (world rank: 114)
Population density: 134 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 87)
Capital: Praha (Prague)
Official languages: Czech
Gross domestic product: 192.0 billion euros; Real growth: 4.4%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 18,160 US$
Currency: 1 Czech crown (Kc) = 100 Heller
Wilhelmstr. 44, 10117 Berlin
Telephone 030 226380,
Fax 030 22638169
Head of State: Milos Zeman, Head of Government: Andrej Babis, Outside: Jan Hamácek
National Day: 28.10.
State and form of government
Constitution of 1993
Parliament: Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká snemovna) with 200 members, election every 4 years; Senate (Senát) with 81 members elected for 6 years, partial election every 2 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (single re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years
Population: Czechs, last census 2011: 10,436,560 residents
90.3% Czechs, 3.7% Moravians, 1.9% Slovaks, 1.2% others (Poles, Germans, Ukrainians, Roma), among others, Proportion of foreigners 2017: 4.8%
Cities (with population): (As of 2018) Praha (Prague) 1,294,513 inh., Brno (Brno) 379,527, Ostrava (Ostrau) 290,450, Plzen (Pilsen) 170,936, Liberec (Reichenberg) 103,979, Olomouc (Olomouc) 100,494, Ceské Budejovice (Budweis) 93,863, Ústí nad Labem (Aussig) 93.040, Hradec Králové (Königgrätz) 92.917, Pardubice (Pardubice) 90.335, Zlín 74.947, Havírov 72.382
Religions: 10% Catholics, minorities of Protestants; 35% non-denominational, 45% no answer (as of 2006)
Languages: Czech; Recognized minority languages: Polish, German, Romani, Slovak, Moravian Croatian
Workers by economic sector:
agriculture. 3%, industry 38%, business 59% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 2.4%
Foreign trade: Import: 143.4 billion euros (2017); Export: 159.5 billion euros (2017)
The Czech Republic lies in the moderate temperature zone of the world. The annual average temperature is 7.9 ° C with mild winters (February: 0.5 ° C) and cool summers (June: 18.6 ° C). The total annual precipitation in Prague is 508 millimeters; a relatively low value due to the leeward location (away from the wind) east or south-east of the Bohemian Forest, the Upper Palatinate Forest and the Ore Mountains.