In 2015, the population of Cyprus was estimated to be 1.2 million people. The majority of the population is made up of Greek Cypriots (76%) with Turkish Cypriots (18%) and other ethnic groups making up the remaining population. Cyprus has a market economy that is heavily reliant on services such as tourism, shipping and financial services. In terms of foreign relations, Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004 and is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth and other international organizations. See ehealthfacts for Cyprus in the year of 2005.
In 2015, politics in Cyprus were focused on reunification efforts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots. A peace process was put in place to help facilitate talks between both sides to resolve their differences, but progress had been slow due to ongoing disputes over power-sharing arrangements and security issues. In addition, external powers such as Greece and Turkey often interfered in negotiations which further hindered progress towards reunification. Despite these difficulties, efforts continued with some success as both sides agreed to non-military zones along the Green Line that separated north from south in 2014.
Cyprus. Following talks between President Nicos Anastasiades and Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin, an agreement was reached in February which meant that the Russian fleet had access to Cypriot ports. According to Putin, the main purpose was to fight terrorism and piracy. The Russian Federation was in conflict with the EU because of the conflict in Ukraine but sought cooperation with individual EU countries.
|Land area||9,251 km²|
|Residents per km²||136.9|
|Official language||Greek, Turkish|
|Income per capita||$ 37,200|
|ISO 3166 code||CY|
|Telephone code||+357 (excluding Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus)|
|Time zone UTC||+2|
|Geographic coordinates||35 00 N, 33 00 O|
According to COUNTRYAAH, Nicosia is the capital of Cyprus which is located in Western Asia. The last of the capital controls introduced in connection with the financial crisis two years earlier was lifted in April. Consequently, there was no longer any restriction on transferring money to foreign banks.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Cyprus country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
When the Turkish Cypriots went to elections in April, the incumbent president Dervis Eroglu was expected to be re-elected. He also received the most votes in the first round of elections, but was unexpectedly defeated in the second by independent leftist politician Mustafa Akinci, who received 60% of the vote.
The election results boosted hopes of a fresh start in the peace talks that were stranded last fall, as Akinci appeared to be significantly less hawkish than Eroglu. Shortly after the election, the new Turkish Cypriot president also met Anastasiades and promised, among other things, to abolish the visa requirement for Greek Cypriots who want to visit the northern, Turkish Cypriot part of the island. In September, for the first time, a meeting was held in which religious leaders on both sides participated and expressed their support for the peace process and towards the end of the year, Anastasiadis and Akinci met regularly. UN mediator Espen Barth Eide expressed confidence in the near reunification of the shared island.