Chad. According to COUNTRYAAH, N’Djamena is the capital of Chad which is located in Central Africa. The country was hit during the year by extremist group Boko Haram, who from Nigeria widened its terror to the region around Lake Chad. Chad, one of Africa’s most experienced military forces, joined neighboring countries in a joint military force against the jihadist group.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Chad country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
Tanks and soldiers were sent to Cameroon, and fierce fighting was fought at the border with Nigeria. In February, the first fatal attack on Chadian land came from Boko Haram. Several people were killed when their village was attacked from the water. In March, new attacks came, and then Chadian soldiers were also sent to Nigeria.
In June, suicide bombers struck in N’Djamena against the police headquarters and the police academy. At least 38 people were killed and over 100 people injured in the attacks. The government blamed Boko Haram, and the Air Force attacked the group’s bases in Nigeria. In July, a new suicide attack was committed in N’Djamena, where 14 people were killed and about 80 injured in a marketplace.
At the beginning of the year, the government had abolished the death penalty, but after the rising terror it was reintroduced in an anti-terror law in July. Prison sentences were also sharpened, as was the possibility of detaining suspects.
In July, the Chadian military made two weeks’ raids against Boko Haram warriors who attacked the islands of Lake Chad. According to the army, nearly 120 terrorists and two soldiers were killed in the fighting.
In August, ten people were indicted for the terrorist attacks in June. One of them, a Nigerian described as one of Boko Haram’s leaders, was considered to be the brain behind the death. After a swift trial, all ten were sentenced to death and executed by arch-busting.
In October, at least 41 people were killed and about 50 injured when three bombs were fired in a city near Lake Chad. A bomb exploded in a fish market and two in a refugee camp.
In November, two military bases were attacked by Lake Chad, and according to the military, eleven attackers were killed. The government announced a state of emergency in the area and police and military were given increased powers. The equivalent of approximately SEK 40 million was promised for social and economic development to prevent recruitment to extremists.
The Food Policy Research Institute’s assessment of starvation in the world found that after the Central African Republic, Chad was the country most severely affected by hunger.
During the year, ten employees of former dictator Hissène Habré were sentenced to prison for abuse committed during the dictatorship. The trial of Habré himself also began during the year in Senegal, where he moved. He is made responsible for the deaths of tens of thousands of people in the 1980s.