Cameroon. The year was marked by the ongoing fight against the militant Islamist group Boko Haram. This was formed in northeastern Nigeria but is active even on the Cameroonian side of the border. In January, several thousand soldiers from Chad arrived to help fight the Islamists. Despite this, repeated attacks on villages in northwestern Cameroon were reported in which dozens of people were killed at each occasion.
According to COUNTRYAAH, Yaounde is the capital of Cameroon which is located in Central Africa. In February, the guerrilla carried out a revenge campaign against the Fotokol community when some 80 civilians were killed in addition to about a total of 20 soldiers from Chad and Cameroon. In July, at least three suicide attacks by young girls should have taken place, including at a bar in the city of Maroua when 20 people were killed and about 80 injured. According to a June statement by UN Cameroon coordinators, Boko Haram had so far kidnapped 1,500 children in Cameroon. These are used as servants but also as human shields.
In August, an international force with troops from Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad began operations against Boko Haram. Cameroon contributed over 2,000 soldiers to the force, which will consist of approximately 8,700 men. During the year, the United States also supported the fight against the Islamists when in October the country decided to send up to 300 soldiers to Cameroon, mainly to help with intelligence work, surveillance and surveillance from the air.
At the end of November, Cameroonian authorities claimed that the country’s army killed hundreds of Boko Haram members and, in connection with this, freed nearly 900 captured people. Among these, however, there were reportedly none of the approximately 200 schoolgirls who Boko Haram kidnapped in Nigeria in April 2014. However, flags with Islamic State (IS) symbols should be seized.
According to a report from Amnesty International in September, the militia is responsible for killing 400 civilians in northern Cameroon since January 2014. However, it was not only Boko Haram that caused suffering among the civilian population. Cameroonian security forces were also reported to have committed a number of abuses against the population. In their search for Boko Haram, they must have carried out violent raids on villages and then destroyed homes, killed civilians and arrested about 1,000 people. The inhuman prison conditions must have caused several deaths. The Cameroon government called the criticism “excessive and unfounded”.
From conflict-ridden neighboring countries – in addition to Nigeria including the Central African Republic – Cameroon received a large number of refugees during the year. According to the UNHCR (UNHCR), there were close to 200,000 Central Africans in Cameroon in January, a figure that was expected to rise to around 230,000 by the end of the year. The number of Nigerian refugees was estimated at between 15,000 and 20,000.