Cape Verde is a small island nation located off the western coast of Africa. It is a multi-party republic with a population of approximately 550,000 people. The country has a long history of democracy, having held its first free elections in 1975 after gaining independence from Portugal. The current President is Jorge Carlos Fonseca, who was re-elected in 2011 for a second five-year term. He is the leader of the Movement for Democracy (MPD) party and his government has been credited with achieving strong economic growth over the past decade. See ehealthfacts for Cape Verde in the year of 2005.
In 2015, Cape Verde held parliamentary elections in which the ruling MPD party retained power by winning an absolute majority of seats in Parliament. This victory was largely attributed to President Fonseca’s successes during his first term as president such as implementing an active foreign policy that attracted significant international investment and aid to the country, as well as reducing poverty levels and providing basic services such as healthcare and education to its citizens. As such, President Fonseca was able to secure another term as president and continue his efforts to strengthen Cape Verde’s democracy and economy.
Cape Verde is an island state of West Africa, located in the Atlantic Ocean, between 14 ° 48 ′ and 17 ° 12 ′ lat. N, in front of the homonymous cape, which is over 500 km away. The territory of C. coincides with the archipelago of the same name, made up of about ten main islands (the largest is Santiago, 991 km 2) and some islets. The archipelago is of volcanic origin and still has a weakly active volcano, the Pico, on the island of Fogo, which is also the highest elevation in the country (2829 m). The climate is tropical, very dry, even desert in some islands, with rainfall always below 300 mm per year and an average annual temperature of 24-25 ° C.
The larger islands are intensely cultivated and produce corn, bananas, castor and modest quantities of excellent quality coffee. Remarkable is the extraction of salt and active fishing; good prospects for tourism. The limits imposed on agriculture by the scarcity of rainfall (aggravated in recent years by recurrent drought crises even more acute, common to the Sahelian belt of which the country is an island extension) and the difficulty of diversifying the economy have pushed the residents to emigrate to other parts of Africa, to Brazil, to the United States, and subsequently to European countries, including Italy, which has become the destination of a considerable immigration of female workers who find employment in housework. Due to its position, the archipelago, in the past, played an important role as a stopover for ships bound for Europe to southern Africa and South America, and still has good ports in Praia and Mindelo (on the island of São Vicente). International airport on the island of Sal.
Cape Verde. At the end of March, protests erupted against the country’s parliament unanimously voting for reforms that would give the country’s politicians huge pay rises. According to COUNTRYAAH, Praia is the capital of Cape Verde which is located in Western Africa. The President, the President and the Prime Minister would receive a salary premium of 65%. The president, whose salary has been fixed since 1997, would then receive the equivalent of just over SEK 23,000 a month. About 5,000 protesters gathered outside the parliament building in the capital, Praia, demanding that President Jorge Carlos Fonseca veto the reforms. The wage increases were seen by many as unjust in a situation of economic crisis caused by, among other things, the 2014 volcanic eruption and reduced tourism; many cruise ships ended after the outbreak of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa to add to Cape Verde, despite the epidemic not reaching there.
- Also see AbbreviationFinder.org for Cape Verde country abbreviations, including geography, history, economy and politics.
The driving force behind the demonstrations was the movement MAC # 113. The leader of the movement, sociologist Rony Moreira, claimed that he was excluded from the Cape Verde African Independence Party (PAICV) state party because he was considered radical. However, opposition to wage increases was supported by PAICV leader Janira Hopffer Almada, which created tensions within the party; Prime Minister José Maria Neves also represents this party, unlike President Fonseca, who belongs to the Movement for Democracy (MPD).
Around the end of the month of August – September, tropical cyclone Fred pulled in over Cape Verde, where it reached hurricane strength. This was the first time known as the blown hurricane over the island since 1892. Peace caused extensive material damage before the cyclone continued with reduced force towards the West African coast.