UK. According to
COUNTRYAAH, Prime Minister David Cameron upheld the government's
promise to give more power to the Scottish Parliament and in
January presented its plan for increased Scottish autonomy.
Among other things, Scotland was suggested to have greater
influence over parts of the income tax. The Scottish
Government's ability to take out loans would also be
increased. Scotland's prime minister, Nicola Sturgeon,
welcomed the desire to give Scotland more power, but
criticized parts of the proposal she deemed insufficient.
The leaders of the three largest parties agreed in
February that the country should eventually scrap all
coal-fired power plants that do not use the latest
environmental technology to reduce emissions. However, no
timetable was presented.
Two Russian nuclear weapons planes - one of which was
equipped with a robot to knock out submarines - crossed the
English Channel in February. Norwegian signal detectors
stated that it was a nuclear weapons exercise, but Britain
regarded the incident as a deliberate provocation from the
Former Foreign Ministers Jack Straw and Sir Malcolm
Rifkind have been in blustery weather since they were caught
when they offered their political influence against payment
to a Chinese company. After the disclosure, Rifkind resigned
as chairman of the House of Commons intelligence committee.
Britain decided to send military personnel to Ukraine,
with the task of assisting the training of Ukrainian
soldiers. The military advisers were expected to Ukraine in
As the first country in the world, the United Kingdom
voted to allow a method to donate DNA from a third parent.
The method, which is similar to a test tube fertilization,
means that children can have DNA from three parents, which
can stop severe diseases inherited in the mother.
New figures showed that GDP grew by 2.6% in 2014. At the
same time, unemployment and the current account deficit were
Prime Minister David Cameron announced in March that he
plans to step down after the next term - if the Conservative
party wins the election in May.
The controversial King Richard III, whose remains were
found under a parking lot in Leicester in 2012, received a
new resting place in the city's cathedral 530 years after
The electoral movement before the parliamentary elections
in May was formally started on March 30. Opinion polls in
April indicated continued strong support for the Scottish
In April, British fighter aircraft removed two Russian
bombers that were close to British airspace.
The parliamentary elections were held on May 7 to
nominate 650 seats in the British lower house. The
Conservative party won its own majority in parliament. As a
result, a vote on Britain's EU membership was expected to
After the election, the proportion of women in parliament
increased to just over 29% compared to 23% in 2010.
Labor leader Ed Miliband, Liberal Democrats leader Nick
Clegg and UKIP's Nigel Farage resigned after the election
defeat. However, the latter was back at the party leader
post three days later after appeals from party members.
In the government declaration, the government promised,
among other things, not to raise income tax, VAT and social
insurance for five years. They also promised 30 hours of
free childcare a week for all three- to four-year-olds. The
parliaments of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland were
promised increased powers.
In June, the Conservative Group for the United Kingdom (CFB)
was formed by some 50 Conservative MPs. The group threatened
with "Brexit", an exit from the EU, unless the government
withdraws power from the EU.
The House of Commons voted in June for the UK to hold a
referendum on EU membership. An opinion poll indicated that
58% of the British wanted to remain in the EU, while 41%
wanted to leave the cooperation.
In June, the state sold parts of the British post office
Royal Mail and raised £ 750 million.
British police seized a drone that flew over Wimbledon's
classic tennis facility. After the terrorist attacks in
Tunisia, France and Kuwait, preparedness had been raised
around known tourist destinations across the UK.
In July, the state budget was presented by Finance
Minister George Osborne. The budget was characterized by
austerity measures through reduced social spending, tax
changes and reduced government spending. The corporate tax
rate would be gradually reduced from 20% to 18% by 2020.
Thousands of migrants tried to get to the UK through the
tunnel under the English Channel from Calais in France.
Measures such as more police, new fences and more
surveillance cameras were planned from both the UK and
France. The government proposed a stricter immigration law
that will, among other things, compel landlords to control
foreign tenants' residence permits. Immigrants working
illegally in the UK were suggested to be punishable by up to
six months in prison. Sanctions were also planned against
companies that employ illegal labor. Despite the
government's attempts to limit immigration, new figures
indicated an increase. From March 2014 to March 2015,
330,000 people had moved to the UK.
The pressure on the British government increased to take
on more responsibility for helping people flee from war
herds. From January 2014 until the beginning of September,
Britain had received only 215 Syrian asylum seekers. A name
gathering for the UK to receive more refugees was started.
Shortly thereafter, the government presented a proposal in
the lower house that Britain should receive 20,000 people
from Syria by 2020. Scotland's prime minister, Nicola
Sturgeon, promised that Scotland could take responsibility
for 1,000 asylum seekers.
The opinion for "Brexit" appeared to have swung in
September. According to new figures, 51% of Britons now
wanted the UK to leave the EU against 49% who were for
The leftist Jeremy Corbyn was elected in September as new
party leader for the Social Democratic Labor Party. The
first opinion poll following the change of party leader
indicated increased support for Labor.
Four Britons who were alleged to have fought or recruited
members of the Islamic State (IS) terrorist organization
were charged with travel bans in September and had their
assets frozen. According to British police, at least 700
Britons had traveled to Syria and Iraq to fight with IS.
In October, the United Kingdom appealed to the EU to
eliminate the VAT on health protection and other health
products. This happened after more than 250,000 people
signed an appeal.
Following the terrorist attacks in Paris in November, the
government presented its plans to strengthen aviation
security over the next five years and to increase the
intelligence and security service by 1,900 people.
After long negotiations, the United Kingdom voted in
December to take part in the bombings against IS in Syria.
According to the Prime Minister, British authorities had
succeeded in stopping plans for seven terrorist attacks in
the UK over the past six months. The British are already
participating in similar operations in Iraq. The first
British airstrikes were carried out early the following day.
It was aimed at Syrian oil fields.