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Yearbook 2015

Uganda. During the year, the country received a record number of people on the run. According to UNHCR figures, half a million refugees were in Uganda, who were praised for their refugee reception and the way in which people were integrated into society through housing and access to land, among other things. In connection with his visit to Uganda in November, Pope Francis praised the country for its well-functioning refugee reception. According to COUNTRYAAH, Uganda is one of Africa's most Catholic countries with about 14 million Catholics. Most of the refugees came from the war-torn neighboring countries of Congo (Kinshasa) and South Sudan.

2015 Uganda

At the beginning of the year, the rebel movement arrested LRA leader Dominic Ongwen of the Central African Republic. Ongwen had been wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague since 2005, when charges were brought against him and four other leaders in the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) who for many years waged war in northern Uganda. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon said the surrender to the ICC was "a step forward in providing justice to thousands of victims of LRA violence".

On March 30, Prosecutor Joan Kagezi was shot dead in a suburb of the capital, Kampala. Police suspect the murder was linked to Kagezi's assignment as a prosecutor. One of Kagezi's ongoing goals, for example, was about the attention-grabbing bombing that occurred in Kampala in 2010 and which 13 members of the militant movement al-Shabab stood for.

In June, the country together with 25 other African countries agreed on a free trade agreement, Tripartite Free Trade Area.

Ahead of next year's presidential election, the country's former prime minister Amama Mbabazi announced that he planned to challenge President Yoweri Museveni in the post of National Resistance Movement (NRM) candidate. But when Museveni registered his candidacy in July, Mbabazi announced that he would leave the ruling party and stand as an independent candidate instead. Several opposition leaders also published their candidacies.

In October, Ugandan human rights activist Kasha Nabagesera received the Right Livelihood Prize for her work for the rights of LGBTQ people in Uganda, who last year had their assistance withdrawn from, among other things, Sweden because of discriminatory laws against homosexuality. Nabagesera's organization Freedom and Roam Uganda is struggling to influence legislation and support LGBTQs convicted under the country's homophobic laws.

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