Sierra Leone. The year was largely marked by the epidemic
of Ebola fever that erupted in 2014 and affected primarily
Sierra Leone and neighboring countries Guinea and Liberia.
At the end of January, statistics from the World Health
Organization (WHO) showed that just over 10,500 people had
been infected in Sierra Leone, of which about 3,200 had
died. The epidemic continued to rage in the spring and early
summer. From the end of July, it slowed somewhat and for two
months only a few cases were reported, the last in
mid-September. On November 7, Sierra Leone was declared free
of Ebola fever. According to
COUNTRYAAH, a total of 14,122 people were affected by
the dreaded disease, more than in any other country.
However, the death toll in Sierra Leone, 3,955, was lower
than that in Liberia, where over 4,800 people died.
In March, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) pledged
US $ 187 million in support of Sierra Leone. Of these, 80
million were earmarked for the fight against Ebola fever and
for alleviating the social crisis that the disease caused.
Later in the month, the IMF also granted the country debt
relief of just over US $ 29 million.
In early March, Vice President Samuel Sam-Sumana was
expelled from the General People's Congress (APC). A number
of accusations were made against him, including that he
should have tried to form a new party in his diamond-rich
home district of Kono in eastern Sierra Leone. He should
also have called for political violence and lied about his
academic merits. In addition, he was accused of not being "a
real Muslim". The vice president managed to leave his home
before being arrested by the soldiers who surrounded the
home and he sought political asylum at the US embassy. A few
days later, he was dismissed by President Ernest Bai Koroma
on the grounds that he had "abandoned his duties". The
opposition party of the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP)
with several questioned whether the vice president could be
dismissed in this way without violating the constitution.
Koroma referred to paragraphs requiring the Vice President
to belong to a political party. In September, the Supreme
Court ruled that the president had the right to dismiss the
The census that was supposed to have been carried out in
December 2014 but which was canceled due to the epidemic was
postponed again in 2015. The reason was that the composition
of the body responsible for the bill was criticized for
considering predominantly APC supporters, the party that
President Koroma represents. The plan was for the census to
take place in December.