Oman. According to
COUNTRYAAH, Sultan Qabus ibn Said returned to the country in
March after spending more than six months in Germany where
he received cancer care. He then rarely appeared in public,
but appeared on television shortly before his 75th birthday
in November, in preparation for a cyclone approaching the
country. Qabu's age and morbidity were a cause for concern
in the country; the sultan who has ruled the country a lot
since 1970 has no heirs.
Oman continued to play a role as regional mediator and
through discreet diplomacy tried to resolve several of the
difficult conflicts in the region: in Syria and Yemen and at
the settlement reached by Iran during the year with the
Western powers over its nuclear program. The country stood
as the only country on the Arabian Peninsula outside the war
in Yemen and, unlike the other good relations with Shi'ite
Iran, was also alone in not having broken completely with
the Syrian government.
In June, Oman received six Yemenites from the US
Guant芍namo detention camp in Cuba. The six had been held in
the camp for about 13 years, with no formal charges. One of
them had hunger strike since 2007, but was subjected to
Elections to the country's advisory assembly were held in
October. Of 590 candidates for the 85 seats, 20 were women.
Since parties are not allowed, everyone stood as
independent. Only 25 former members were re-elected. The
turnout was stated to be 56%.