Nigeria. According to
COUNTRYAAH, the presidential and parliamentary elections
left their mark on the political year and could be carried
out despite the militant Islamist movement Boko Haram's
The March 28 presidential election became historic as it
was the first democratic power shift since independence in
1960. Former Army general Muhammadu Buhari received nearly
54% of the vote with his promises of change. Seated
President Goodluck Jonathan gained just over 45%, but
acknowledged being defeated before the final bill was
finalized. International election observers felt that the
election was largely free.
Some problems were reported on Election Day, and the
election had to be extended by a day when the machines that
would read the biometric voting cards failed in some
quarters. Boko Haram attacked several polling stations in
the Northeast, killing 41 people. The election had been
postponed for six weeks due to the security situation.
At the same time elections were held for Parliament.
Here, too, the opposition party won the Progress Congress
(APC) which nominated Buhari. In the lower house, APC won
212 out of 340 seats while the People's Democracy Party
(PDP), which has ruled since the military rule ceased in
1999, received 140. Eight seats were distributed among small
parties. In the upper house, the APC took home 60 seats
against the PDP's 48. Buhari swore in on May 29 and repeated
his election promise that he would crush Boko Haram. Other
key issues for Buhari, who led a military government in
1983–85, were to curb corruption and create more jobs for
the young population.
After taking office, Buhari re-furnished the military
leadership and replaced the board of the scandalous state
oil company NNPC. Large sums and amounts of oil have
disappeared from the company over the years. Fuel shortages
and power outages continued to plague the country. As part
of increased transparency, Buhari also reported his personal
assets, which showed that he had $ 150,000 in his private
accounts. Buhari was criticized for delaying the appointment
of his government, which was first sworn in in November. Low
oil prices are becoming a challenge for British-born banker
Kemi Adeosun, who was appointed finance minister. Buhari
kept the oil minister's portfolio.
Boko Haram's wave of violence continued during the year.
One of the group's worst individual attacks was carried out
in January against the city of Baga in the state of Borno.
Up to 2,000 people may have been killed. But the figures
were uncertain, said human rights groups Human Rights Watch
and Amnesty International, which analyzed satellite images
and interviewed survivors. In March, Boko Haram swore
allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) terror group.
The military offensive initiated under Jonathan
continued. In June, Buhari and leaders from Niger, Chad,
Cameroon and Benin agreed to form a regional force to fight
Boko Haram. Pressed on several fronts, Boko Haram responded
with a series of bloody suicide attacks to marketplaces,
mosques and other targets with hundreds of dead. Many were
performed by young girls and women. The uncertain security
situation has resulted in over 2 million people being
internally displaced in northeastern Nigeria, according to
the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Amnesty
stated that Boko Haram has kidnapped at least 2,000 women
and young girls since the beginning of 2014. The security
forces have also been accused of assaulting civilians.
The World Health Organization WHO announced in September
that polio was no longer endemic in Nigeria. As late as
2012, the country accounted for half of the world's polio