Honduras. The widespread corruption was one of the main
political areas during the year. Several grassroots groups
demanded the establishment of an independent international
commission to deal with the impunity of corrupt politicians.
COUNTRYAAH, nationwide protests in the form of torchlight trains with
thousands of participants erupted in May after new
corruption cases were revealed. Among other things, $ 114
million from the state Social Security Institute had
disappeared and some ended up with the ruling National Party
(PN) to fund President Juan Orlando Hernández's 2013
election campaign. The Left Radical People's National
Resistance Front (FNRP) organized a nationwide strike
October 1 requirement. However, such a commission (called
MACCIH) has already been formed on the initiative of the
American cooperation organization OAS and with the support
of the US, but the FNRP accused it of not being sufficiently
independent and going to the present government's affairs.
Another group, Los indignados ("The Indignants"), demanded a
commission similar to that found in Guatemala for several
years (CICIG). President Hernández, who supports the idea of
MACCIH and denied all personal involvement in the Social
Security scandal, in turn accused in 2009 President Manuel
Zelaya of politicizing the issue rather than addressing the
main problem of corruption. Zelaya demanded, among other
things, a referendum on the matter.
The notoriously high murder rate in Honduras fell for the
first time in many years. Already in 2014, the number of
murders dropped by 10% from the record year 2013, when 7,172
people were murdered, and in 2015 the murder rate is assumed
to decrease further by 29%. The biggest decline was in the
hard-hit industrial city of San Pedro Sula. The reason is
believed to be faster action and better coordination between
the authorities involved.