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Yearbook 2015

Haiti. In the first round of the presidential election on October 25, the ruling party PHTK (Haitian Tèt Kale Party) candidate Jovenel Moïse won the most votes by just under 33%, while opposition candidate Jude Célestin from LAPEH (Alternative Alliance for Progress and Liberation) received just over 25% of the votes cast. However, the second round of the elections, which would have been held on December 27, since neither of the two got their own majority, was postponed indefinitely. Moïse's success in October was expected, and the 60 invited EU observers initially hailed the conduct of the election and a 26% turnout. But the aftermath was soon characterized by accusations of electoral fraud, not least from Célestin, and the electoral commission's poor administration. The claims of widespread electoral fraud were supported by several independent observers and human rights organizations.

2015 Haiti

According to COUNTRYAAH, the second round of the regional and congressional elections on August 8 was also debated. The election campaign was characterized by violence and turnout was as low as 18%. It was not until three months later that the Election Commission published a preliminary result, which showed that neither party won its own majority in either of the two chambers of Congress and that the election had to be re-elected in 25 constituencies at the same time as the second round of the presidential election. However, the PHTK appeared to be the largest party with at least 33 out of a total of 118 seats in the second chamber. PHTK also won in 37 of the country's 140 mayoral elections, including the capital Port-au-Prince.

The United Nations Special Stabilization Force MINUSTAH published its annual report in August, which highlighted several advances in the security field in Haiti. Among other things, the election movement in August was calmer than usual and the murder rate went down. At the same time, the UN Security Council decided to extend MINUSTAH's mission to October 2016.

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