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Yearbook 2015

Ecuador. On December 4, Ecuador's Congress approved a constitutional amendment that allows a president to be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The opposition boycotted the vote, but President Rafael Correa's government coalition had enough votes to get through the proposal. The decision was preceded and followed by protests and clashes between police and protesters outside the congress building. Already in March, nearly 10,000 people in 14 cities around the country demonstrated against the government. At the forefront was the trade union organization FUT and the indigenous people's umbrella organization Conaie, but it was a fragmented movement with widely differing requirements; a stop for planned restrictions in the strike right and a planned land reform and for higher wages.

2015 Ecuador

On 13 August, the FUT also carried out a general strike. The protesters claimed that the constitutional amendment was created solely to allow incumbent President Rafael Correa to be re-elected at the next presidential election in 2017, while Correa replied that the protesters went to the reactionary right's affairs. A similar change has been made in Nicaragua under Daniel Ortega and was implemented in Venezuela under Hugo Chávez, both of whom were Correa's close allies. However, the constitutional change will not apply until after the 2017 election, in which Correa has also stated that he does not intend to stand.

According to COUNTRYAAH, the congressional decision was made during the period when President Correa declared a state of emergency in 17 of Ecuador's 24 provinces as a preventive measure against the adverse effects expected by the El Niņo weather phenomenon. The opposition put the state of emergency in conjunction with the congressional vote and organized ongoing demonstrations, including from the organized indigenous people, especially Conaie, who in August organized an eleven-day protest march to Quito. But natural disasters were at the same time a reality and linked to the El Niņo phenomenon. In September, for example, 250 forest fires raged in eight of the country's 24 provinces. Among the worst affected was the province of Pichincha, where the capital Quito is located, which was swept into smoke with mass evacuations and power outages as a result.

President Correa also did not escape charges of corruption, even though they were directed at people in his immediate vicinity rather than himself. His cousin Pedro Delgado was the head of a state fund that manages money from bankrupt banks, but was forced to resign in March after a court ruled that he embezzled $ 800,000 of the fund's funds.

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