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Denmark

Yearbook 2015

2015 DenmarkDenmark. According to COUNTRYAAH, Denmark was shocked one weekend in February by two terrorist acts in Copenhagen. On Saturday, a perpetrator fired over 30 shots with automatic weapons at the participants in a debate meeting in the cultural center Krudttønden. One man was killed and three police officers were injured in the attack, which was believed to be directed at the Swedish artist Lars Vilks, who attended the meeting but managed to recover.

2015 Denmark

On the night before Sunday, police officers guarding the Jewish synagogue were shot in the district of Nørrebro, where a bar mitzvah (celebration of Jewish boys becoming men) was taking place. One of the ward's own guards met in the head and died. The man who was guilty of both deaths was shot dead later that night by police. It was a 22-year-old, born in Denmark, who served a prison sentence for violent crime and was reported to have approached a violent Islamist ideology. Several assistants were arrested later.

The deed got a lot of attention in Europe. Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt urged the nation to cohesion. She spoke in Danish, English and French and thanked for the support of the outside world when close to 40,000 people gathered in Copenhagen to honor the victims of the attacks.

The government decided to give the security police greatly increased resources to strengthen its ability to monitor social media, discover preparations for terrorist acts and scout Danes planning to join the Islamic State (IS) terror group.

In May, the head of the security and intelligence service PET resigned after being criticized for police efforts following the terrorist attacks. Among other things, it was several hours after the first deed before the police came to guard the synagogue where the next attack took place.

The Social Democrats were the largest in opinion polls for the first time in four years, and Prime Minister Thorning-Schmidt announced new elections until June 18. However, the bourgeois bloc still led over the left bloc, and bourgeois people opted for lower taxes and tight immigration policies. The Social Democrats had also adapted to demands for reduced immigration, but the large electoral promise of the S-led government was a welfare package of DKK 39 billion, which for five years would go to care, school, care and environmental adjustment.

The election became a scarce victory for the right-wing party, where the Danish People's Party went strong and for the first time became the largest bourgeois party with just over 21% of the vote. Liberal Venstre returned to just over 19%. The Social Democrats increased slightly and retained the seat as the largest party in the Folketing by just over 26%, but both Radical Venstre and the Socialist People's Party halved. The left government lost power, a mandate was taken. Helle Thorning-Schmidt resigned as prime minister and as S leader, and Mette Frederiksen was appointed new party leader.

Left leader Lars Løkke Rasmussen was commissioned to form a new government. Attempts to get with the Danish People's Party (DF) fell on DF's no to tax cuts for high-income earners. Løkke Rasmussen then formed a pure Left government with the support of the Danish People's Party, Liberal Alliance and Conservatives, a total of 90 of the Folketing's 179 seats.

The new government tightened immigration policy. Support for asylum seekers was lowered and demands for Danish citizenship were increased. In September, a growing influx of refugees reached southern Denmark. Hundreds of people who came by ferry from Germany set out on the roads to reach Sweden. Denmark began to reject them back to Germany and the government announced in newspapers in the Middle East about reduced Danish benefits to asylum seekers.

Denmark also stood outside the EU agreement on the distribution of asylum seekers among the member states. But there was strong support in opinion for Danish participation, and the government promised to welcome 1,000 people. DF was opposed, but Venstre received support from the opposition in the Folketing.

After three months at his post, Defense Minister Carl Holst resigned in September after receiving harsh criticism, among other things, for controversial statements about Denmark's role in the Iraq war and for using public funds in his election campaign.

Following a settlement between the Left government, the support parties and the Social Democrats, the Folketing decided after a quick debate in November on stricter immigration policy. There were 34 points with tougher rules for residence permits and family reunification as well as increased financial responsibility for asylum seekers and more. In addition, the punishment for begging, which is prohibited in Denmark, was intensified. The decisions were harshly criticized by the Left Party Enhedslisten and by human rights organizations.

A referendum in December said no to release Denmark's reservations in the EU's jurisdiction. Thus, for example, the country does not fully participate in Europol.

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