Canada is a country located in North America and one of
the largest country in the world ranked by
Digopaul. Several reports in January indicated that
Canadian soldiers should have been involved in ground
fighting against the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq. Prime
Minister Stephen Harper was criticized for breaking the
promise that no Canadian soldiers would participate in
ground fighting. In March, the government extended the
mandate for the operation against IS and decided to extend
the operation to include Syria. The decision was criticized
by the opposition.
In February, Secretary of State John Baird resigned and
was replaced by Rob Nicholson.
Provincial elections were held in May in several states.
The Liberal Party won in Prince Edward Island Province while
the closest Social Democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) won
in Alberta, ruled by the Progressive Conservative Party
(PCP) for 44 years.
In August, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced
parliamentary elections until October 19. Opinion figures
indicated that the ruling Conservative Party, which is
accused of causing many of the country's economic problems,
could lose government power. The Social Democratic NDP had a
scarce lead while the Liberal Party was third.
Figures showed in September that Canada had entered a
recession when GDP fell by half a percent during the second
quarter of the year. During the first quarter, the country
also experienced negative growth.
In the October parliamentary elections, the Liberals won
big and gained their own majority when Canada changed
government. The Liberals got almost 40% of the vote, while
the Conservative party got just under 32%. Conservative
leader Stephen Harper acknowledged being defeated and
announced that he intended to step down as party leader.
Rona Ambrose temporarily took over the party leader post in
the Conservative Party. She had previously held a number of
ministerial posts, including those responsible for
Justin Trudeau was named new prime minister. Canada got
its first government with as many women as men. Most of them
were under 50 years of age. For the first time, a person
from the indigenous peoples got the post of Minister of
Justice. Shortly thereafter, the newly elected prime
minister announced that the country will take home its
fighter aircraft from military action against IS in Syria
and Iraq. Withdrawal was one of his election promises.
However, Trudeau wanted to retain the Canadian military sent
to train Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq.
In Quebec, the provincial parliament in October adopted a
motion condemning Islamophobia. At the same time, reports of
an increase in Muslim harassment came.
In November, the government decided to accept up to 900
Syrian refugees a day from 1 December. The new government
had promised to receive 25,000 Syrian refugees before the
turn of the year, but as a result of the terrorist attacks
in Paris, only families, single women and children, were
accepted while single men were deported.
In January, the United States Senate gave a clear sign
that the Keystone XL pipeline, which will transport oil from
Alberta to the United States, should be built. Then only the
approval of the US House of Commons remained, an approval
that came in February. However, US President Barack Obama
vetoed the plans. The project was postponed while waiting
for the US Department of Foreign Affairs to review it. In
November, President Obama announced that he would quit
Keystone XL. He pointed out that oil prices had fallen and
that a management would not be compatible with the US role
as a leader in environmental work.
In February, the Somali Islamist group al-Shabab called
on its supporters to carry out terror attacks on shopping
malls in the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States.
In May, stricter anti-terror laws were pushed through.
Among other things, it is forbidden to encourage terrorist
attacks in the country and the country's security service
CSIS is given increased powers. Suspected terrorists can
also be held in custody for seven days instead of three
without prosecution being brought. A number of websites
belonging to, among others, Parliament and the intelligence
service were hacked in June. The hackers network Anonymous
took on the blame for the attack, which they claimed was a
protest against stricter terrorist legislation.
Former Guantánamo prisoner Omar Khadr was released in May
against the bail. However, he must stay with his lawyer,
have electronic footsteps, get a nightly curfew and be
allowed to use the Internet only under supervision.
The climate lab at the University of Toronto registered
in January a dozen "earthquakes" in the districts of Ottawa
Dry weather and high temperatures in western Canada
caused unusually many forest fires in July. So far, 565
fires had been reported during the year, which was three
times more than at the same time the year before.
In September, together with four other Arctic countries,
Canada adopted a 10-year action plan to reduce the polar
bear threat. Among other things, they would try to reduce
the impact that tourism, oil and mining industries have on
the animal, which is one of the species most severely
affected by climate change.
In Toronto, a mysterious discovery was made of an
approximately 10-meter long tunnel near a sports arena. The
tunnel had full headroom, electric generator and a pump to
keep the space dry. The authorities again filled the tunnel
so that the public would not hurt.
The Supreme Court made the decision to grant the right to
active euthanasia for adults suffering from an incurable
disease and risking a prolonged suffering. Euthanasia has
been banned in Canada since 1993.
The three tobacco companies Imperial Tobacco, Rothmans
Benson & Hedges and JTI-MacDonald were sentenced to pay the
equivalent of SEK 106.5 billion to smokers and former
smokers who claimed that they had never been warned about
the health risks of smoking. It is the largest damages in
the country's history. The three companies intended to
appeal the verdict.
The Canadian company, which was involved in the train
crash in Lac-Mégantic that killed at least 42 people in
2013, agreed, after many trips, to pay damages of the
equivalent of Canadian $ 445 million to the victims and
Paleontologists in Canada unearthed a fossil from a 68
million year old dinosaur. Formally it is called
Regaliceratops peterhewsi, but the scientists call it
In July, a 26-year-old was arrested in Calgary after
flying around uncontrollably in a deck chair using 120
helium balloons. The whole thing was a public relations jump
for the company the 26-year-old worked for. The 26-year-old
was suspected of causing "danger to life," as the Canadian
criminal record reads, and was allowed to spend the night in