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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Yearbook 2015

2015 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina. The difficulties of forming government at national level and in the Bosnian-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina after the October 2014 elections continued. Only on the last of March, just hours before the time was up, was the formation of government finished. At national level, Denis Zvizdić of the Bosnian Nationalist SDA (Party of Democratic Action) became Prime Minister of a government in which also the Croatian Nationalist HDZ BiH (Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina with partners), as well as the Serbian parties SDS (Serbian Democratic Party) and PDP (Democratic Progress Party) and the relatively newly formed DF (Democratic Front). In the federation, the SDA, HDZ BiH and DF formed a coalition, but it exploded after just under three months when DF withdrew because of a conflict over control of state-owned companies.

2015 Bosnia and Herzegovina

On July 11, the 20th anniversary of the massacre of 8,000 Muslim boys and men was celebrated in Srebrenica in 1995. Prior to the ceremony, several thousand people, including survivors of the massacre, participated in a three-day and ten-mile long march along the path that thousands of Muslims fled. Bosnian Serb forces. A motion for a resolution was tabled in the UN Security Council to call the massacre genocide, but it was stopped by the Russian Federation who vetoed it.

On the anniversary itself, tens of thousands of people attended a memorial ceremony where remains of 136 newly identified death victims were buried. Among those present were Bill Clinton, who was the President of the United States at the time of the Dayton Agreement, which set the stage for the 1992-95 war. Serbia's Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić, who was also present, had just put flowers at the memorial when people in the crowd started throwing bottles and stones at him, and he was forced to flee the site. A few weeks later, the three members of the Bosnian Presidency visited Belgrade, where, together with Vučić, they promised to work to improve relations between Bosnia and Serbia.

According to COUNTRYAAH, the fragile state-building that Bosnia and Herzegovina constituted continued to appear fragile. In April, the president of the Serbian Republic, Milorad Dodik, announced his intention to announce a referendum on independence for the region in 2018. A few months later, following a proposal by Dodik, a referendum on the national judiciary in the Serbian Republic was announced. Dodik argued that the judiciary was partial to the disadvantage of the Bosnian Serbs. The Constitutional Court and large sections of the international community considered that such a referendum was contrary to the Dayton Agreement and many saw it as a disguised vote on independence. The referendum was held in November, one week before the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Dayton Agreement.

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